This article has been reviewed according to Science X's editorial process and policies. Editors have highlighted the following attributes while ensuring the content's credibility:

fact-checked

peer-reviewed publication

trusted source

proofread

AI model has potential to detect risk of childbirth-related PTSD

sad mother
Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain

Researchers have adapted an artificial intelligence (AI) program to identify signs of childbirth-related post-traumatic stress disorder (CB-PTSD) by evaluating short narrative statements of patients who have given birth.

The program successfully identified a large proportion of participants likely to have the disorder, and with further refinements—such as details from and birth experience data from diverse populations—the model could potentially identify a large percentage of those at risk. The study appears in Scientific Reports.

Worldwide, CB-PTSD affects about 8 million people who give birth each year, and current practice for diagnosing CB-PTSD requires a physician evaluation, which is time-consuming and costly. An effective screening method has the potential to rapidly and inexpensively identify large numbers of postpartum patients who could benefit from diagnosis and treatment.

Untreated CB-PTSD may interfere with breastfeeding, bonding with the infant and the desire for a future pregnancy. It also may worsen maternal depression, which can lead to and behaviors.

Investigators administered the CB-PTSD Checklist, which is a questionnaire designed to screen for the disorder, to 1,295 postpartum people. Participants also provided short narratives of approximately 30 words about their childbirth experience.

Researchers then trained an AI model to analyze a subset of narratives from patients who also tested high for CB-PTSD symptoms on the questionnaire. Next, the model was used to analyze a different subset of narratives for evidence of CB-PTSD. Overall, the model correctly identified the narratives of participants who were likely to have CB-PTSD because they scored high on the questionnaire.

The authors believe their work could eventually make the diagnosis of childbirth more accessible, providing a means to compensate for past socioeconomic, racial, and ethnic disparities.

The study was conducted by Alon Bartal, Ph.D., of Bar Ilan University in Israel, and led by senior author Sharon Dekel, Ph.D., of Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston.

More information: Bartal A, et al. AI and narrative embeddings detect PTSD following childbirth via birth stories. Scientific Reports (2024). dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-024-54242-2

Journal information: Scientific Reports
Citation: AI model has potential to detect risk of childbirth-related PTSD (2024, April 11) retrieved 26 May 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-04-ai-potential-childbirth-ptsd.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Explore further

Brief psychological interventions can reduce post-traumatic stress symptoms after childbirth

74 shares

Feedback to editors