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Study introduces improved way to grow cells that give rise to kidney's filtration system

USC-led study introduces a new and improved way to grow the cells that give rise to the kidney's filtration system
Lab-grown human nephron progenitor cells. Credit: Biao Huang/Li Lab

In a study published in Cell Stem Cell, USC scientists report significant progress in cultivating nephron progenitor cells (NPCs), the cells destined to form the kidney's filtration system, the nephrons. NPCs hold immense promise for understanding kidney development, modeling diseases, and discovering new treatments.

"By enhancing our capability to grow NPCs from , we create a new avenue for understanding and combating congenital kidney diseases and cancer," said corresponding and lead author Zhongwei Li, an assistant professor of medicine, and stem cell biology and at the Keck School of Medicine of USC.

In the study Li Lab postdocs Biao Huang and Zipeng Zeng and their collaborators improved the for generating and growing NPCs in the laboratory.

This improved cocktail enables the sustained growth of both mouse and human NPCs in a simple 2-dimensional format. This marks a major improvement over the previous 3-dimensional system, which was not only more cumbersome, but also limited the ability to perform genome editing on the cells.

The cocktail also enables the expansion of induced NPCs (iNPCs) from human pluripotent stem cells. These iNPCs closely resemble native human NPCs. With this approach, iNPCs can be generated from any individual starting with a simple blood or skin biopsy. This approach will facilitate the creation of patient-specific kidney disease models and enhance efforts to identify nephron targeted drugs.

Moreover, the cocktail is powerful enough to reprogram a differentiated type of kidney cell known as a podocyte into an NPC-like state.

Demonstrating the practical applications of their breakthrough, the scientists performed genome editing on the NPCs to screen for genes related to kidney development and disease. This screening identified previously implicated genes, as well as novel candidates.

In a further demonstration, the scientists introduced the responsible for (PKD) into the NPCs. These NPCs developed into mini-kidney structures, known as organoids, exhibiting cysts—the hallmark symptom of PKD. The team then used the organoids to screen for drug-like compounds that inhibited cyst formation.

"This breakthrough has potential for advancing kidney research in many critical ways—from accelerating to unraveling the genetic underpinnings of , disease, and cancer," said Li. "Importantly, it also provides supplies of NPCs as critical building blocks to build synthetic kidneys for kidney replacement therapy."

More information: Long term expandable mouse and human induced nephron progenitor cells enable kidney organoid maturation and modeling of plasticity and disease, Cell Stem Cell (2024). DOI: 10.1016/j.stem.2024.04.002. www.cell.com/cell-stem-cell/fu … 1934-5909(24)00129-2

Journal information: Cell Stem Cell
Citation: Study introduces improved way to grow cells that give rise to kidney's filtration system (2024, April 30) retrieved 15 June 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-04-cells-kidney-filtration.html
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