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Delirium ID toolkit boosts caregiver knowledge to prevent, manage the condition

Delirium ID toolkit boosts caregiver knowledge to prevent, manage the condition
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Caregivers involved in a world-first pilot study have endorsed an online tool for assessing delirium which gives them a key role in the management of loved ones affected by the confused mental state.

The new Australian-led international research, involving Southern Cross University, the University of the Sunshine Coast, the University of Saskatchewan (Canada), the University of Canberra and the Northern NSW Local Health District, showed knowledge among caregivers increased significantly through use of the online delirium toolkit. The study is published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

The pilot, conducted at The Tweed Hospital on the NSW North Coast, evaluated the effectiveness of PREDICT (Prevention and Early Delirium Identification Caregiver Toolkit) to support partnerships between caregivers and nurses to prevent and manage delirium.

Delirium is frightening for experiencing it and alarming for caregivers attempting to support them.

Delirium is a stress-response, manifesting as a sudden decline in a person's usual mental function, usually caused by a number of underlying acute, short-term illnesses and , for example UTI, pneumonia or post-surgery. It is often mistaken for dementia because both conditions have similar symptoms, such as confusion, agitation and delusions. However, unlike dementia, delirium comes on very quickly and is potentially reversible.

The lead investigator is Dr. Christina Aggar, Associate Professor of Nursing at Southern Cross University and Conjoint Northern NSW Local Health District.

"Delirium is the number one hospital-acquired complication in Australia, costing our health care system more than a billion dollars a year," said Dr. Aggar. "The emotional and financial toll to the patient and the caregiver is also extremely significant.

"If a health care professional doesn't know the patient, it can be difficult to tell the difference between delirium and dementia. This is why caregivers are well-placed to recognized subtle changes indicative of delirium and why we've involved them in the pilot.

"PREDICT supports family caregivers to understand delirium and make sense of their predicament. Having gained knowledge about delirium, caregivers can partner with nurses to address risk and implement strategies to prevent and manage delirium.

"We know that education is key, but we've never used education to support our family caregivers to actually partner with health care professionals in the prevention of delirium."

Dr. Alison Craswell from the University of the Sunshine Coast said collaboration ensured the robustness of the toolkit.

"This project has brought together a team of experts working with lived experience consumers, who have all cared for others, to make sure the toolkit is fit for purpose," said Dr. Craswell.

"The collaboration with our colleagues in Canada has ensured the research has an international reach. This has led to successful Canadian funding to pilot the toolkit in Saskatchewan province with Dr. Roslyn Compton and the Better LTC team of researchers and family partners."

Dr. Kasia Bail, Professor of Gerontological Nursing at the University of Canberra, said the use of PREDICT proved life-changing for caregivers.

"In this research pilot, in addition to the earlier work we've been conducting with Professor Aggar's team, we found that caregiver knowledge about delirium increased, and that caregivers wanted to be involved in delirium prevention and management," said Dr. Bail.

"This shows us that the next step in implementing change into the hospital environment needs to be working closely with caregivers, to support their access to information and partnership with clinicians.

"This research aims to empower caregivers and potentially reduce further complications such as increased length of stay, functional and cognitive decline, and avoidable admissions to residential care. We'd like to make this common complication less common, and less dire than it can be."

PREDICT was available to caregivers via a QR code directing users to a website (a hard copy was also available). The easy-to-use interactive assessment tool ensured that a caregiver or loved one was able to determine whether a person was at risk of delirium or whether the person was likely to have delirium. The toolkit also provided valuable information that supports caregivers' own well-being.

More information: Christina Aggar et al, A Toolkit for Delirium Identification and Promoting Partnerships Between Carers and Nurses: A Pilot Preā€“Post Feasibility Study, Journal of General Internal Medicine (2024). DOI: 10.1007/s11606-024-08734-6

Citation: Delirium ID toolkit boosts caregiver knowledge to prevent, manage the condition (2024, April 22) retrieved 15 July 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-04-delirium-id-toolkit-boosts-caregiver.html
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