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Ophthalmology news


AI matches or outperforms human specialists in retina and glaucoma management, study finds

A large language model (LLM) artificial intelligence (AI) system can match, or in some cases outperform, human ophthalmologists in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with glaucoma and retina disease, according to research ...


Large, diverse genetic study of glaucoma implicates vascular and cancer-related genes

An international genetic study using multiancestry biobanks has identified novel genetic locations associated with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), the most common type of glaucoma and the leading cause of irreversible ...


Shedding light on the synaptic complexities of vision

An individual retinal cell can output more than one unique signal, according to a Northwestern Medicine study published in Nature Communications, a finding that sheds new light on the complexities of how vision functions ...


Screen time can seriously harm your eyes: Here's how to avoid it

Every day, more and more patients are seeking medical attention after spending long days in front of computer screens. The most common symptoms include irritated or itchy eyes, and a sensation of dryness or sand on the surface ...


FDA warns of dangerous counterfeit eyedrops

Certain copycat eyedrops may be contaminated and could give users an antibiotic-resistant eye infection, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warned Wednesday.


Gaps seen in childhood vision screening and vision care

Gaps in access to childhood vision screening and vision care are prevalent among historically marginalized racial and ethnic groups and socioeconomically vulnerable families, according to a research letter published online ...


Public release of AI to estimate biological sex from fundus images

The Japanese Ophthalmological Society and the National Institute of Informatics have developed and public-released an AI model to estimate an individual's sex from fundus images, using data collected by the Japan Ocular Imaging ...


New technology offers promising treatment for ischemic retinopathy

A technology with the potential to treat ischemic retinopathy in premature infants and diabetic patients has been developed by Professor Byoung Heon Kang and his research team in the Department of Biological Sciences at UNIST, ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Study provides insights into depression via ophthalmology

Scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry measured the pupillary reaction of participants while they were solving a task. In healthy participants, the pupils dilated during the task in anticipation of a reward, ...


Lab-grown retinas explain why people see colors dogs can't

With human retinas grown in a petri dish, researchers discovered how an offshoot of vitamin A generates the specialized cells that enable people to see millions of colors, an ability that dogs, cats, and other mammals do ...


Six ways to look after your eyes in 2024

The World Health Organization estimates that over 80% of all vision impairment around the world can be prevented and even cured. Reducing the risk of eye diseases involves adopting a combination of lifestyle changes, protective ...


Q&A: Are over-the-counter eye drops safe?

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recalled dozens of over-the-counter lubricating eye drops and artificial tears in 2023 due to contamination and unsafe manufacturing practices.

Autism spectrum disorders

Using AI to diagnose autism in children

A multi-institutional Korean team of child and adolescent psychologists, behavioral scientists, ophthalmologists and biomedical systems informatics specialists has found that deep-learning-based AI systems can accurately ...