Medical research

Restoring airway integrity in cystic fibrosis patients

Cystic fibrosis is a rare genetic disease which can cause very serious symptoms. In particular, patients suffer from chronic bacterial infections that can lead to respiratory failure. It is caused by mutations in the CFTR ...

Genetics

The genetic underpinnings of severe staph infections

A common culprit of skin and respiratory infections, Staphylococcus aureus is highly unpredictable. Between 20 and 30 percent of people carry quiet colonies on their skin and in their nostrils, which seldom cause problems ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Dynamics of adaptive immunity in tuberculosis uncovered

Unlike other infectious diseases that affect the lungs, the immune response to fight tuberculosis (TB) infections develops at least twice as slowly. Until recently, the dynamic interplay between bacteria and the host's immune ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

New findings in the vaginal microbiome

A new study published in Human Reproduction shows that the menstrual phase has effects on the microbiome. "This will be very important for planning future studies, both in basic science and for interventions aiming to improve ...

Immunology

Double-stranded RNA induces bone loss during gum disease

Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology researchers reported on a new discovery regarding the mechanisms for bone loss in gum disease (periodontitis). They found that double stranded RNA molecules can activate the ...

Medications

Study: Cancer drugs might be able to target tuberculosis

An unexpected link between tuberculosis and cancer may lead to new drug treatments for the bacterial disease that kills more than 1.5 million people each year, according to a study led by researchers at Stanford Medicine.

Surgery

Superhero substance used in new bone implants to combat infection

Led by the University of Sydney, an international team has developed a new kind of bone implant that reduces the chance of infection, and therefore significantly decreases implant failure rates. In Australia, a fifth of conventional ...

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