Gastroenterology

Bile acids boost gut regeneration

Researchers at EPFL have made a surprising discovery about how bile acids act as signaling molecules to boost intestinal regeneration. The discovery sheds light on the role of bile acids as hormone-like molecules and opens ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Gut bacteria protect against mosquito-borne viral illness

Chikungunya virus, once confined to the Eastern Hemisphere, has infected millions of people in the Americas since 2013, when mosquitoes carrying the virus were discovered in the Caribbean. About half of all people infected ...

Medical research

Study reveals bile metabolite of gut microbes boosts immune cells

A Ludwig Cancer Research study has discovered a novel means by which bacterial colonies in the small intestine support the generation of regulatory T cells—immune cells that suppress autoimmune reactions and inflammation. ...

Medical research

Cellular stress makes obese mothers have obese babies

Maternal obesity increases the risk for obesity and metabolic perturbations in their offspring, but what are the mechanisms? In a new study published March 12 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology, Sebastien Bouret of the ...

Medications

Potential new heartburn drug studied at VUMC

An investigational drug that binds bile acids in the stomach can reduce the severity of heartburn symptoms in patients with treatment-resistant gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) when combined with a proton pump inhibitor ...

Medical research

How resident microbes restructure body chemistry

The makeup of our microbiomes—the unique communities of bacteria, viruses and other microbes that live in and on us—have been linked, with varying degrees of evidence, to everything from inflammatory bowel disease to ...

page 1 from 9