Health

Ketogenic diets alter gut microbiome in humans, mice

Low-carb, high-fat ketogenic diets, which have attracted public interest in recent years for their proposed benefits in lowering inflammation and promoting weight loss and heart health, have a dramatic impact on the microbes ...

Medical research

Reduced obesity for weighted-vest wearers

Scientists from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, have found a new method of reducing human body weight and fat mass using weighted vests. The new study indicates that there is something comparable to built-in bathroom ...

Medical research

Pomace olive oil reduces obesity

Researchers from the Department of Pharmacology, Paediatrics and Radiology at the University of Seville, in collaboration with Dr. Rodriguez from the International University of Catalonia, have confirmed that orujo (pomace) ...

Cardiology

Fat is not inert—it's active

You may know that people who are overweight have an increased risk of heart disease and other conditions. Dr. Stephen Kopecky, a Mayo Clinic cardiologist, says what you might not know is that body fat is more than just excess ...

Overweight & Obesity

Why obesity is more common than you think

The World Health Organization has described obesity as a global epidemic and one of today's "most blatantly visible yet neglected public health problems." In the last few years reports on the rise of this life-threatening ...

Health

Saliva can be used to predict excess body fat in teenagers

In addition to helping us chew and swallow, keeping the mouth moist and protecting us against germs, saliva can also be used for early detection of the risk of developing diseases associated with surplus body fat.

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Adipose tissue

In histology, adipose tissue or body fat or just fat is loose connective tissue composed of adipocytes. Adipose tissue is derived from lipoblasts. Its main role is to store energy in the form of fat, although it also cushions and insulates the body. Obesity or being overweight in humans and most animals does not depend on body weight but on the amount of body fat—specifically, adipose tissue. Two types of adipose tissue exist: white adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT). Adipose tissue also serves as an important endocrine organ by producing hormones such as leptin, resistin and the cytokine TNFα. The formation of adipose tissue appears to be controlled by the adipose gene. Adipose tissue was first identified by the Swiss naturalist Conrad Gessner in 1551.\

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