Medical research

Calcium: Important not just for your bones but also for your heart

Researchers from Osaka University found a previously unknown gene mutation that can cause an incurable heart condition called dilated cardiomyopathy. This gene, BAC5, is important for the movement of calcium ions in the heart ...

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Cardiomyopathy, which literally means "heart muscle disease," is the deterioration of the function of the myocardium (i.e., the actual heart muscle) for any reason. People with cardiomyopathy are often at risk of arrhythmia or sudden cardiac death or both. Cardiomyopathy can often go undetected, making it especially dangerous to carriers of the disease.

Although in theory the term "cardiomyopathy" could apply to almost any disease affecting the heart, in practice it is usually reserved for "severe myocardial disease leading to heart failure".

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