A key biological pathway for multiple sclerosis uncovered

Cross-talk between brain cells and peripheral immune cells can modulate the progression of multiple sclerosis (MS), Mount Sinai researchers have discovered. Their findings reveal a previously unknown way in which the brain ...


Language impairment in autism associated with gray matter volume

Researchers from Russia and the U.S. have found language impairment in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) to be associated with a lower volume of gray matter and greater gyrification in the temporal and frontal ...

Alzheimer's disease & dementia

A more convenient and accessible way to diagnose Alzheimer's disease?

Despite extensive research and encouraging findings, Alzheimer's disease (AD) remains difficult to diagnose based on signs and symptoms alone. But what if one day, a blood sample during an annual check-up could be used to ...


Potential 'game-changer' in diagnosing Parkinson's disease

A certain protein builds up in the brains of most Parkinson's patients, a study confirmed on Thursday using a new technique hailed as a potential "game-changer" that could point towards a way to test for the debilitating ...

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Cerebrospinal fluid

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), Liquor cerebrospinalis, is a clear bodily fluid that occupies the subarachnoid space and the ventricular system around and inside the brain. Essentially, the brain "floats" in it.

More specifically, the CSF occupies the space between the arachnoid mater (the middle layer of the brain cover, meninges) and the pia mater (the layer of the meninges closest to the brain). It constitutes the content of all intra-cerebral (inside the brain, cerebrum) ventricles, cisterns and sulci (singular sulcus), as well as the central canal of the spinal cord.

It acts as a "cushion" or buffer for the cortex, providing a basic mechanical and immunological protection to the brain inside the skull.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA