Obstetrics & gynaecology

Does pregnancy history affect cognitive function?

Healthy cognitive aging is a public health priority, especially as the US population grows older. Until now, not much has been known about the link between pregnancy history and cognitive function in older women. A new study ...

Alzheimer's disease & dementia

Eating mushrooms may reduce the risk of cognitive decline

A team from the Department of Psychological Medicine and Department of Biochemistry at the Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine at the National University of Singapore (NUS) has found that seniors who consume more than two standard ...

Neuroscience

Study finds the circuits that may help you keep your cool

The big day has come: You are taking your road test to get your driver's license. As you start your mom's car with a stern-faced evaluator in the passenger seat, you know you'll need to be alert but not so excited that you ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

New research looks at the promise of 'digital neuropsychology'

In a new paper published in The Clinical Neuropsychologist, McLean Hospital's Laura Germine, Ph.D., and her colleagues describe the many ways in which cognitive tests conducted with computers and smartphones might improve ...

Neuroscience

Memory tests predict brain atrophy and Alzheimer's disease

Mild cognitive impairment is a heterogeneous condition; it may may be reversible or permanent. but it is also associated with a higher risk of dementia, Alzheimer's disease in particular. Mild cognitive impairment refers ...

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Cognitive test

Cognitive tests are assessments of the cognitive capabilities of humans and animals. Tests administered to humans include various forms of IQ tests; those administered to animals include the mirror test (a test of visual self-awareness) and the T maze test (which tests learning ability). Such study is important to research concerning the philosophy of mind and psychology, as well as determination of human and animal intelligence.

Modern cognitive tests originated through the work of Sir Francis Galton who coined the term "mental tests". Consistent with views of the late nineteenth century, most of his measurements were physical and physiological, rather than "mental". For instance he measured strength of grip and height and weight. He established an "Anthropometric Laboratory" in the 1880's where patrons paid to have physical and physiological attributes measured to estimate their intelligence. So, his measures of mental or cognitive components were not successful in modern terms, although his indirect effects were arguably enormous. His work influenced later researchers who developed better measures of intelligence using cognitive tests (see Alfred Binet , Raymond Cattell and Lewis Terman).

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