Immunology

Predicting whether bowel cancers will respond to immunotherapy

Scientists from the Francis Crick Institute and King's College London have studied colorectal cancer and found that levels of specific immune cells are the best predictors of whether immunotherapy will be effective in individual ...

Medical research

More efficient tests may one day replace endoscopy

In two journal articles, a University of Houston biomedical researcher reports a step forward in diagnosing intestinal diseases, including colorectal cancer, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease using stool proteins. The ...

Oncology & Cancer

Decline in cancer-related services seen during pandemic

(HealthDay)—There was a 10.2 percent decline in pathology reports in population-based cancer registries from Georgia and Louisiana in 2020 compared with 2019, according to a study published online June 28 in the Journal ...

Oncology & Cancer

Universal health care benefited colon cancer survival

Patients with colon cancer enrolled in the U.S. military's universal health care system experienced improved survival compared with patients in the general population, according to results published in Cancer Epidemiology, ...

Oncology & Cancer

Survival examined for early-onset colorectal cancer

(HealthDay)—There appears to be a survival benefit for individuals with early-onset colorectal cancer (CRC) compared with diagnosis at later ages, according to a study published online June 16 in JAMA Network Open.

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Colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer, also called colon cancer or large bowel cancer, includes cancerous growths in the colon, rectum and appendix. With 655,000 deaths worldwide per year, it is the third most common form of cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related death in the Western world. Many colorectal cancers are thought to arise from adenomatous polyps in the colon. These mushroom-shaped growths are usually benign, but some may develop into cancer over time. The majority of the time, the diagnosis of localized colon cancer is through colonoscopy. Therapy is usually through surgery, which in many cases is followed by chemotherapy.

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