Oncology & Cancer

New intestinal cancer treatment approach identified

A MedUni Vienna study group has identified a previously unknown mechanism involved in the development of intestinal cancer: The bacterial microbiome activates the so-called immune checkpoint Ido1 in Paneth cells, a special ...

Health

Seven things you might not know about blood

Blood is fascinating. Many people learn at school that its function is to transport oxygen and nutrients around the body and remove waste products. But blood has many more functions, including defence against pathogens, regulating ...

Health

Clues to lung injury in preterm babies

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)—a form of chronic lung disease—is a leading complication of preterm birth affecting infants born before 32 weeks gestation. Exposure to high levels of oxygen (hyperoxia) plays a role in ...

Oncology & Cancer

New technique allows scientists to 'listen in' on cancer cells

Scientists have a developed a new technique to decipher how millions of individual cells are communicating with each other in miniature tumours grown in the lab, known as organoids, according to new research published in ...

Oncology & Cancer

Math models add up to improved cancer immunotherapy

A merger of math and medicine may help to improve the efficacy of immunotherapies, potentially life-saving treatments that enhance the ability of the patient's own immune system to attack cancerous tumors.

Oncology & Cancer

Fibroblasts involved in healing spur tumor growth in cancer

The connective tissue cells known as fibroblasts are vitally important for our recovery from injury. Sensing tissue damage, they gravitate to the site of a wound, instigating an inflammatory response that mends damaged tissue.

Cardiology

Promising findings for treating damaged heart valves

Aortic valve calcification is a challenging condition for the health service and for the patients concerned. The only treatment currently available is surgery. Mariia Boganova recently defended her thesis which addresses ...

Medical research

Tendon stem cells could revolutionize injury recovery

The buildup of scar tissue makes recovery from torn rotator cuffs, jumper's knee, and other tendon injuries a painful, challenging process, often leading to secondary tendon ruptures. New research led by Carnegie's Chen-Ming ...

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