Vaccination

Increasing HPV vaccine uptake in adolescents

More than 90 percent of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancers could be prevented by widespread uptake of the HPV vaccine. Yet, vaccine use in the United States falls short of public health goals.

Addiction

Older adults in wealthier countries drink more alcohol

A new global study finds older people in wealthy countries consume more alcohol than their counterparts in middle-income countries, on average, although a higher cost of alcohol is associated with less frequent drinking. ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Preschool children can't see the mountains for the cat

Imagine seeing an image of a cat in front of a wide scene of mountains and being told just to remember the mountains if you saw them in a later picture. As an adult, that's not hard to do.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Tackling pandemic threats proactively

The marathon of COVID-19 vaccine development has reached the final sprint. Two leading vaccines have proven to protect 95% of vaccinated people from the disease. For the first time we can be confident that vaccines will put ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Global study shows teenage motherhood is still high

The high rate of adolescent motherhood across developing countries isn't shifting, with reductions either modest or absent in some regions and rising in others, according to University of Queensland-led research.

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Pregnancy stress may shape baby brain

Stress levels in mothers—measured by a hormone linked to anxiety and other health problems—is related to changes in areas of the infant brain associated with emotional development, the study suggests.

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Developmental psychology

'Developmental psychology', also known as human development, is the scientific study of systematic psychological changes that occur in human beings over the course of the life span. Originally concerned with infants and children, the field has expanded to include adolescence and adult development, aging, and the entire life span. This field examines change across a broad range of topics including motor skills and other psycho-physiological processes; cognitive development involving areas such as problem solving, moral understanding, and conceptual understanding; language acquisition; social, personality, and emotional development; and self-concept and identity formation.

Developmental psychology includes issues such as the extent to which development occurs through the gradual accumulation of knowledge versus stage-like development, or the extent to which children are born with innate mental structures versus learning through experience. Many researchers are interested in the interaction between personal characteristics, the individual's behavior, and environmental factors including social context, and their impact on development; others take a more narrowly focused approach.

Developmental psychology informs several applied fields, including: educational psychology, child psychopathology, and forensic developmental psychology. Developmental psychology complements several other basic research fields in psychology including social psychology, cognitive psychology, ecological psychology, and comparative psychology.

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