Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

One third of Cambodians infected with threadworm, study finds

Strongyloides stercoralis is a soil-transmitted threadworm that is endemic in many tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Now, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have conducted a nation-wide parasitology ...

Genetics

Discovery of new genetic causes of male infertility

Infertility—the failure to conceive after a year of unprotected intercourse—affects one in every six couples worldwide, and the man is implicated in about half of these cases. Despite the known importance of genetic factors ...

Medical research

Xpert Ultra test for diagnosing TB now included in Cochrane Review

Tuberculosis (TB) causes more deaths globally than any other infectious disease and is a top 10 cause of death worldwide. Globally in 2017, of the estimated 10 million people with TB, 3.6 million were not reported to national ...

Cardiology

New imaging tool for diagnosing heart disease

An international team led by scientists from Lawson Health Research Institute and Cedars-Sinai Medical Center are the first to show that Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) can be used to measure how the heart uses oxygen for ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Early dengue virus infection could 'defuse' Zika virus

"We now know for sure that Zika virus infection during pregnancy can affect the unborn foetus in such a way that the child develops microcephaly and other severe symptoms," explains Prof Felix Drexler, a virologist at Charité ...

Medications

Lack of access to antibiotics is a major global health challenge

Antibiotic resistance is an emerging global public health threat spurred by the overuse and misuse of antibiotics. While "overuse" of antibiotics is widely accepted as a major health challenge, it is less well known that ...

Oncology & Cancer

A more accurate method to diagnose cancer subtypes

Developed by researchers at the Garvan Institute of Medical Research, this potential diagnostic method screens a cancer sample for 'fusion genes', estimated to be linked to one in five cancers, and may provide a more accurate ...

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Diagnostic test

A diagnostic test is any kind of medical test performed to aid in the diagnosis or detection of disease. For example:

A drug test can be a specific medical test to acertain the presence of a certain drug in the body (for example, in drug addicts).

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