Medical research

Crunching the numbers of cancer metastasis

In metastasis, cancer cells break away from the original tumor and take root in another region of the body by entering the blood stream. In order to spread, metastatic cells cross over the endothelium—a barrier of endothelial ...

Cardiology

The quest for the holy grail of healthy arteries

Heart and kidney failure, aneurysms and strokes—these are the complications that can result from atherosclerosis, a condition in which arteries narrow due to plaque build-up on the artery walls. Severe cases of atherosclerosis ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Scientists developing way to help premature babies breathe easier

Researchers suggest a possible cell-based therapy to stimulate lung development in fragile premature infants who suffer from a rare condition called Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD), which in the most severe cases can lead ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Researchers reveal key role of pressure-sensing protein in lung edema

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago describe for the first time the role of a unique, pressure-sensing protein in the development of lung edema—a condition in which chronic high vascular pressure in the ...

Medical research

Scientists engineer vascularized kidney tissue

Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine (WFIRM) researchers have shown the feasibility of bioengineering vascularized functional renal tissues for kidney regeneration, developing a partial augmentation strategy that ...

Oncology & Cancer

Using 3-D to test personalised treatments in five days

Why doesn't the same treatment work in the same way for every patient? How can a drug's performance be optimised without causing side effects due to an excessive dosage? In an attempt to answer these questions, researchers ...

Cardiology

Enzyme may indicate predisposition to cardiovascular disease

Measuring the blood plasma levels of an enzyme called PDIA1 could one day become a method of diagnosing a person's predisposition to cardiovascular disease even if they are not obese, diabetic or a smoker, and with normal ...

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Endothelium

The endothelium is the thin layer of cells that line the interior surface of blood vessels, forming an interface between circulating blood in the lumen and the rest of the vessel wall. Endothelial cells line the entire circulatory system, from the heart to the smallest capillary. These cells reduce turbulence of the flow of blood allowing the fluid to be pumped farther.

Endothelial tissue is a specialized type of epithelium tissue (one of the four types of biological tissue in animals). More specifically, it is simple squamous epithelium.

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