Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Smart software detects early-stage esophageal cancer

Thanks to smart software doctors will soon be able to detect early signs of esophageal cancer in patients with so-called Barrett's esophagus. This is the result of research conducted by Amsterdam UMC, the Catharina Hospital ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Protein progression in Barrett's Esophagus disease

A study led by Nikhil Reddy, a second-year student at the Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine, has charted a protein's decline through the progression of Barrett's esophagus disease. The sickness, typically ...

Oncology & Cancer

Diabetes linked to numerous cancers in large Chinese study

A new Journal of Diabetes study from China, which has the highest number of people with diabetes among all countries, found that type 2 diabetes was linked with an elevated risk of 11 types of cancer in men and 13 types of ...

Oncology & Cancer

Fewer complications found with hybrid surgery for esophageal cancer

(HealthDay)—Hybrid minimally invasive esophagectomy results in lower incidence of intraoperative and postoperative major complications compared with open esophagectomy for esophageal cancer, according to a study published ...

Oncology & Cancer

Genome offers clues to esophageal cancer disparity

A change in the genome of Caucasians could explain much-higher rates of the most common type of esophageal cancer in this population, a new study finds. It suggests a possible target for prevention strategies, which preliminary ...

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Esophageal cancer

Esophageal cancer is malignancy of the esophagus. There are various subtypes, primarily squamous cell cancer and adenocarcinoma. Squamous cell cancer arises from the cells that line the upper part of the esophagus. Adenocarcinoma arises from glandular cells that are present at the junction of the esophagus and stomach. Esophageal tumors usually lead to dysphagia (difficulty swallowing), pain and other symptoms, and are diagnosed with biopsy. Small and localized tumors are treated surgically with curative intent. Larger tumors tend not to be operable and hence cannot be cured; their growth can still be delayed with chemotherapy, radiotherapy or a combination of the two. In some cases chemo- and radiotherapy can render these larger tumors operable. Prognosis depends on the extent of the disease and other medical problems, but is fairly poor.

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