Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

U.S. nephrology trainees doubt skill in home hemodialysis

(HealthDay)—U.S. nephrology trainees report moderate and low confidence for peritoneal dialysis (PD) and home hemodialysis (HHD), respectively, according to a study published online Nov. 16 in the American Journal of Kidney ...

Oncology & Cancer

Darolutamide boosts survival in nonmetastatic prostate cancer

(HealthDay)—For men with nonmetastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer, the risk for death is significantly lower for those receiving darolutamide versus placebo, according to a study published in the Sept. 10 issue ...

Health

Reduction noted in transfusion burden with luspatercept

(HealthDay)—For patients with transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia, significantly more have a reduction in transfusion burden with receipt of luspatercept versus placebo, according to a study published in the March 26 issue ...

Medications

Suvorexant may improve insomnia with Alzheimer disease

(HealthDay)—Suvorexant improves total sleep time (TST) in patients with probable Alzheimer disease (AD) dementia and insomnia, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Alzheimer's & Dementia.

Autism spectrum disorders

Standardized screening for ASD recommended at 18, 24 months

(HealthDay)—Standardized screening for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is recommended at ages 18 and 24 months in primary care, according to a clinical report published online Dec. 16 in Pediatrics.

Oncology & Cancer

Common TB vaccine associated with lower lung cancer rates

(HealthDay)—Childhood vaccination with the bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine is associated with a reduced risk for lung cancer, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in JAMA Network Open.

Immunology

Allergy immunotherapy may decrease asthma progression

(HealthDay)—Allergy immunotherapy (AIT) is associated with a decreased risk for asthma progression, particularly in younger patients, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in Allergy.

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