Oncology & Cancer

New score predicts risk for VTE in those with multiple myeloma

(HealthDay)—A new risk prediction score outperforms current guidelines for predicting venous thromboembolism (VTE) in multiple myeloma (MM), according to a study published online Aug. 4 in the American Journal of Hematology.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

FRAX score underestimates risk for fracture in multiple sclerosis

(HealthDay)—Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a risk factor for major fractures independent of the Fracture Risk Assessment tool (FRAX) score, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Bone and Mineral ...

Gerontology & Geriatrics

How do older adults fare after hip fracture?

Hip fractures in older adults can be extremely serious, and often result in chronic illness, death, and increased health care costs. Experts estimate that some 18 to 33 percent of all older adults who have suffered hip fractures ...

Medications

Review of impact of drug holidays on bone health

The impact of interruption of anti-osteoporosis treatment in patients on therapy with bisphosphonates or denosumab is reviewed in a new International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) working group paper 'Fracture risk following ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

New osteoporosis therapy's dual effects on bone tissue

Sclerostin is a protein produced by osteocytes in the bone that inhibits bone formation. A recent analysis of results from a clinical trial reveals the beneficial effects of romosozumab, an antibody therapy that targets sclerostin, ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

High postural sway doubles older women's fracture risk

Postural sway is an independent risk factor for bone fractures in postmenopausal women, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital. Women with the highest postural sway ...

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Fracture

A fracture is the (local) separation of an object or material into two, or more, pieces under the action of stress.

The word fracture is often applied to bones of living creatures (that is, a bone fracture), or to crystals or crystalline materials, such as gemstones or metal. Sometimes, in crystalline materials, individual crystals fracture without the body actually separating into two or more pieces. Depending on the substance which is fractured, a fracture reduces strength (most substances) or inhibits transmission of light (optical crystals).

A detailed understanding of how fracture occurs in materials may be assisted by the study of fracture mechanics.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA