Diabetes

Could modifying gut microbes prevent or delay type 1 diabetes?

Autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes are controlled by our genes. While researchers are eager to find out what other factors could contribute to this disease, a new study published by Yale researchers provides direct ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Gut bacteria influences drug-induced liver injury

Pharmaceutical drugs are broken down by enzymes in the liver into their metabolites, which are subsequently excreted in the faeces and urine. Drugs can also undergo chemical reactions mediated by bacteria within the gut, ...

Diabetes

Protecting the guardians

A guardian gene that protects against type 1 diabetes and other autoimmune diseases exerts its pancreas-shielding effects by altering the gut microbiota.Experiments in mice born with the protective gene show that exposure ...

Medical research

Profiling the gut microbiome proteins that modify bile

It turns out that bile is a lot more dynamic than you might think. One of the biggest factors affecting bile, which is very important to our ability to absorb nutrients, is our diet. But another is the make-up of the community ...

Medical research

Gut microbes may talk to the brain through cortisol

Gut microbes have been in the news a lot lately. Recent studies show they can influence human health, behavior, and certain neurological disorders, such as autism. But just how do they communicate with the brain? Results ...

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