Health

Study shows potential dangers of sweeteners

New research has discovered that common artificial sweeteners can cause previously healthy gut bacteria to become diseased and invade the gut wall, potentially leading to serious health issues.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Common plant fiber gel doubled rate of tumor eradication

Many people don't realize that the trillions of bacteria, viruses, and fungi residing within the gastrointestinal tract—collectively called the gut microbiome—are connected to overall health, and specifically to cancer.

Health

New snack foods nurture healthy gut microbiome

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified ingredients for snack food prototypes that have been formulated to deliberately change the gut microbiome in ways that can be linked to ...

Overweight & Obesity

Dieting and its effect on the gut microbiome

Researchers from Charité–Universitätsmedizin Berlin and the University of California in San Francisco were able to show for the first time that a very low calorie diet significantly alters the composition of the microbiota ...

Inflammatory disorders

Mini-guts reveal crucial forces that shape the intestinal lining

Using miniature guts grown in a dish and 3D biophysical modeling, FMI researchers and their collaborators have uncovered the forces that give the intestinal wall its classic brushlike appearance. The findings can help to ...

Health

Low-fiber, high-fat diets adversely impact the gut

Changes to the gut microbiome are known to affect metabolic health. Physiologists at Laval University in Canada have discovered that diets containing low fiber and high fat cause significant shifts in the composition of the ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Hops show promise in treating liver disease

Research by Oregon State University suggests a pair of compounds originating from hops can help thwart a dangerous buildup of fat in the liver known as hepatic steatosis.

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Gastrointestinal tract

The digestive tract is the system of organs within multicellular animals that takes in food, digests it to extract energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining matter. The major function of the gastrointestinal tract are ingestion, digestion, absorption, and defecation. The GI tract differs substantially from animal to animal. Some animals have multi-chambered stomachs, while some animals' stomachs contain a single box. In a human adult male, the GI tract is approximately 6.5 meters (20 feet) long and consists of the upper and lower GI tracts. The tract may also be divided into foregut, midgut, and hindgut, reflecting the embryological origin of each segment of the tract.

The remainder of this article focuses on human gastrointestinal anatomy; see digestion for the process in other organisms.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA