Oncology & Cancer

Ramucirumab shows promise in care of advanced gastric cancer

(HealthDay)—Ramucirumab appears to be safe and effective for the treatment of advanced gastric cancer, according to a study published online Sept. 29 in the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Fatality rates are high within two years of drug-induced liver injury

Most patients suffering liver toxicity due to medications or herbal or dietary supplements recover from the acute liver injury without long-term problems, but some do not survive the injury or they require liver transplantation. ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Initial successes in treating a hitherto incurable liver disorder

Primary sclerosing cholangitis is a currently incurable liver disorder, primarily affecting younger adults aged between 30 and 40. A European multi-centre Phase II study led by MedUni Vienna in close collaboration with MedUni ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Zinc effective in pediatric presymptomatic Wilson disease

(HealthDay)—For young children with presymptomatic Wilson disease, zinc monotherapy is safe and effective, according to a study published online April 28 in the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Retrieved lymph node number affects prognosis in gastric CA

(HealthDay)—In patients with pathological stage (pStage) II or III gastric cancer, the number of retrieved lymph nodes (RLNs) is an independent poor prognostic factor, according to a study published in the September issue ...

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Hepatology is the branch of medicine that incorporates study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree and pancreas as well as management of their disorders. Etymologically the word Hepatology is formed of ancient Greek hepar(ηπαρ) or hepato-(ηπατο-) meaning ' liver' and suffix -logia(-λογια) meaning 'word' or 'speech'. Although traditionally considered a sub-specialty of gastroenterology, rapid expansion has led in some countries to doctors specialising solely on this area, who are called hepatologists.

Diseases and complications related to viral hepatitis and alcohol are the main reason for seeking specialist advice. One third of world population has been infected with Hepatitis B virus at some point in their life. Although most of them would clear the virus from the body, approximately 350 million have become persistent carriers. Up to 80% of liver cancers can be attributed to either hepatitis B or Hepatitis C virus. In terms of number of mortality, the former is second only to smoking among known agents causing cancer. With more widespread implementation of vaccination and strict screening before blood transfusion, lower infection rates are expected in the future. In many countries, though, overall alcohol intake is on the rise, and consequently the number of people with cirrhosis and other related complications is increasing.

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