Psychology & Psychiatry

Study on serotonin and depression sparks fierce debate

A controversy in the scientific community over recent claims anti-depressants can be ineffective at treating depression has highlighted the difficulties in understanding mental health conditions.

Medical research

Dermatologist visits shorter for Asian psoriasis patients

Asian patients with psoriasis receive significantly less face-to-face time with a dermatologist than patients of other races and ethnicities, according to a research letter published online Aug. 3 in JAMA Dermatology.

Health

Public health policy conversations should include nurses

The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the critical role nurses play in health care—millions of nurses worldwide have been essential administers of care on the front lines of the global health crisis. Yet in debate around ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Pandemic has put long-haul pilots in a stressful tailspin

Stress levels among commercial airline pilots have skyrocketed during the COVID-19 pandemic, putting their mental health at risk, according to a new study by the University of South Australia.

Vaccination

EU signs contract for new Spanish COVID vaccine

The European Commission has signed a contract to allow EU member states to buy up to 250 million doses of a new COVID-19 vaccine developed in Spain, it said Tuesday.

Health

Corner shop tobacco sales halved in three years

A team led by Edinburgh researchers analyzed sales data from almost 1,400 convenience stores in England, Scotland and Wales. They compared transactions that took place during typical weeks in March, June, September and December ...

Biomedical technology

Promising eco-friendly plug to treat nosebleeds

Nosebleeds, also known as epistaxis, are one of the most frequent otolaryngologic (ENT) emergencies worldwide. It is estimated that 60% of the world's population will experience an episode of epistaxis at least once in their ...

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Industry

An industry (from Latin industrius, "diligent, industrious") is the manufacturing of a good or service within a category. Although industry is a broad term for any kind of economic production, in economics and urban planning industry is a synonym for the secondary sector, which is a type of economic activity involved in the manufacturing of raw materials into goods and products.

There are four key industrial economic sectors: the primary sector, largely raw material extraction industries such as mining and farming; the secondary sector, involving refining, construction, and manufacturing; the tertiary sector, which deals with services (such as law and medicine) and distribution of manufactured goods; and the quaternary sector, a relatively new type of knowledge industry focusing on technological research, design and development such as computer programming, and biochemistry. A fifth quinary sector has been proposed encompassing nonprofit activities. The economy is also broadly separated into public sector and private sector, with industry generally categorized as private. Industries are also any business or manufacturing.

Industry in the sense of manufacturing became a key sector of production and labour in European and North American countries during the Industrial Revolution, which upset previous mercantile and feudal economies through many successive rapid advances in technology, such as the steel and coal production. It is aided by technological advances, and has continued to develop into new types and sectors to this day. Industrial countries then assumed a capitalist economic policy. Railroads and steam-powered ships began speedily establishing links with previously unreachable world markets, enabling private companies to develop to then-unheard of size and wealth. Following the Industrial Revolution, perhaps a third of the world's economic output is derived from manufacturing industries—more than agriculture's share.

Many developed countries (for example the UK, the U.S., and Canada) and many developing/semi-developed countries (People's Republic of China, India etc.) depend significantly on industry. Industries, the countries they reside in, and the economies of those countries are interlinked in a complex web of interdependence.

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