Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Hospitalizations for chronic liver disease on the rise

(HealthDay)—Hospitalizations for chronic liver disease (CLD) increased from 2012 to 2016, reaching a total estimated national cost of $81.1 billion, according to a study published online April 2 in JAMA Network Open.

Genetics

Study of rare genetic disorder that effects the eyes

Nagano prefecture is home to a group of people affected with a rare genetic neurodegenerative disorder called familial amyloid polyneuropathies (FAP). This disease impacts the gene encoding protein transthyretin (TTR) which ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Researchers discuss findings of study on alcohol-related liver disease

Through a unique database, KI researchers have been able to study the risk of mortality among people with liver disease caused by too much alcohol. Principal investigator Hannes Hagström, associate professor at the Department ...

Medications

Cancer drugs show promise in preventing malaria

A potential new approach for preventing malaria is on the horizon with the discovery that drugs currently used to kill cancer cells can also kill malaria-infected liver cells.

Overweight & Obesity

Causes of childhood obesity worldwide vary, study finds

Childhood obesity is not just a public health concern in western countries; it is rising across the world, particularly in poor and low-income countries. But the factors causing childhood obesity are quite different for wealthier ...

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Liver

The liver is a vital organ present in vertebrates and some other animals; it has a wide range of functions, a few of which are detoxification, protein synthesis, and production of biochemicals necessary for digestion. The liver is necessary for survival; there is currently no way to compensate for the absence of liver function.

This organ plays a major role in metabolism and has a number of functions in the body, including glycogen storage, decomposition of red blood cells, plasma protein synthesis, hormone production, and detoxification. It lies below the diaphragm in the thoracic region of the abdomen. It produces bile, an alkaline compound which aids in digestion, via the emulsification of lipids. It also performs and regulates a wide variety of high-volume biochemical reactions requiring highly specialized tissues, including the synthesis and breakdown of small and complex molecules, many of which are necessary for normal vital functions.

Medical terms related to the liver often start in hepato- or hepatic from the Greek word for liver, hēpar (ήπαρ).

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