Oncology & Cancer

Combining BMI with body shape better predictor of cancer risk

New research being presented at The European Congress on Obesity (ECO) held online this year, suggests that a measure of body shape should be used alongside body mass index (BMI) to help determine the risk of obesity-related ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Study raises hope for effective malaria vaccine

At the University Hospital of Tübingen, a clinical trial led by Prof. Dr. Peter Kremsner, Director of the Institute of Tropical Medicine, Travel Medicine and Human Parasitology and Dr. Rolf Fendel, Research Group Leader ...

Medications

Which medications are most toxic to the liver?

A new study published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology provides insights on how common hospitalized patients develop liver injury from taking different medications.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Scientists find a new anti-hepatic fibrosis drug target

Scientists from Russia and Italy studied a new axis of the pathway that prevents the development of liver fibrosis. The role of GILZ protein in curbing the disease progression was shown in a study using mice models and confirmed ...

Medical research

A glimmer of hope: New weapon in the fight against liver diseases

Researchers from Niigata University , the University of Tokyo, Osaka University and Tokyo Medical University, Japan, have developed a new approach that could revolutionize the treatment, prevention, and possibly reversal ...

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Liver

The liver is a vital organ present in vertebrates and some other animals; it has a wide range of functions, a few of which are detoxification, protein synthesis, and production of biochemicals necessary for digestion. The liver is necessary for survival; there is currently no way to compensate for the absence of liver function.

This organ plays a major role in metabolism and has a number of functions in the body, including glycogen storage, decomposition of red blood cells, plasma protein synthesis, hormone production, and detoxification. It lies below the diaphragm in the thoracic region of the abdomen. It produces bile, an alkaline compound which aids in digestion, via the emulsification of lipids. It also performs and regulates a wide variety of high-volume biochemical reactions requiring highly specialized tissues, including the synthesis and breakdown of small and complex molecules, many of which are necessary for normal vital functions.

Medical terms related to the liver often start in hepato- or hepatic from the Greek word for liver, hēpar (ήπαρ).

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