Psychology & Psychiatry

New app helps Syrian refugees deal with post-traumatic stress

Researchers at Leipzig University have partnered with Syrian refugees and an agency for e-mental health services to develop and scientifically test an app to help users deal with post-traumatic stress and related mental strain. ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Theta waves: A marker of emotional regulation

Without realizing it, we all rely on emotional regulation many times a day. It's the process by which we mitigate the effect of disturbing stimuli in order to stay focused, improve our well-being and respond to demands from ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

The history of physician burnout

According to a 2022 Medscape poll, burnout rates among physicians are steadily increasing. The publication defines burnout as a "long-term, unresolvable job-related stress that leads to exhaustion, cynicism and feelings of ...

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Mental disorder

A mental disorder or mental illness is a psychological or behavioral pattern that occurs in an individual and is thought to cause distress or disability that is not expected as part of normal development or culture. The recognition and understanding of mental disorders has changed over time and across cultures. Definitions, assessments, and classifications of mental disorders can vary, but guideline criteria listed in the ICD, DSM and other manuals are widely accepted by mental health professionals. Categories of diagnoses in these schemes may include dissociative disorders, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, eating disorders, developmental disorders, personality disorders, ambulatory disorders and many other categories. In many cases there is no single accepted or consistent cause of mental disorders, although they are often explained in terms of a diathesis-stress model and biopsychosocial model. Mental disorders have been found to be common, with over a third of people in most countries reporting sufficient criteria at some point in their life. Services for mental disorders may be based in hospitals or in the community. Mental health professionals diagnose individuals using different methodologies, often relying on case history and interview. Psychotherapy and psychiatric medication are two major treatment options, as well as supportive interventions and self-help. Treatment may be involuntary where legislation allows. Several movements campaign for changes to services and attitudes.

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