Robotic surgery improves patient recovery time

A new study, published in JAMA, has found that robotic surgery reduces the chance of readmission by half (52 percent), and revealed a "striking" four-fold (77 percent) reduction in prevalence of blood clots (deep vein thrombus ...


Delays in gallstone pancreatitis surgery increase risks

The recommended treatment for mild gallstone pancreatitis in patients aged over 50 years is laparoscopic cholecystectomy, yet over half of New South Wales patients presenting with the condition did not undergo the surgery ...


Endoscopic drainage better for necrotizing pancreatitis

For patients with necrotizing pancreatitis, the rate of fistula formation and mortality is lower with endoscopic drainage (ED) than with other surgical drainage methods, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis ...

Oncology & Cancer

Outcomes better with open hysterectomy for early cervical cancer

Open surgery for radical hysterectomy offers early-stage cervical cancer patients a lower recurrence rate and a higher disease-free survival rate at 4.5 years than a minimally invasive surgical approach, according to the ...

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Open surgery

An open surgery means cutting skin and tissues so the surgeon has a direct access to the structures or organs involved. The structures and tissues involved can be seen and touched, and they are directly exposed to the air of the operating room. Examples of open surgery include the removal of organs, such as the gallbladder or kidney.

Open surgery may be contrasted to minimally invasive surgery (MIS) which refers to surgical techniques that do not involve large incisions, in which the tissues involved are not open to the air. In this type of surgery, special viewing devices such as fiber optics or miniature video cameras are placed in the body to view the body tissues, and special miniature instruments are used to manipulate, cut, suture and cauterize tissues. MIS techniques often allow the patient to recuperate faster and with less pain. Not all conditions are treatable with minimally invasive surgery. Minimally invasive surgical techniques include laparoscopy, endoscopy, endovascular techniques, and arthroscopy.

Types of open surgery include Cardiac surgery (Open-Heart Surgery) and so on.

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