Medications

Kratom use in pregnancy spurs withdrawal symptoms in newborns

(HealthDay)—Although the herbal supplement kratom is still legal and widely available, its opioid-like effects have caused significant withdrawal symptoms in at least two newborns in the United States and that should raise ...

Medications

Opioid epidemic – the global spread explained

The US has been in the grips of an "opioid epidemic" since the 1990s, with massive rises in the use – and misuse – of opioids such as morphine and codeine. There has also been a parallel rise in the number of opioid-related ...

Surgery

Opioid dependence more common before spine surgery

(HealthDay)—Opioid dependence is more likely to occur in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) before surgery than afterward, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine.

Medications

Study determines risk factors for opioid misuse

Current research demonstrates that patients' exposure to opioids following medical care has contributed to the nationwide addiction epidemic. An estimated 2.1 million Americans are reported to have an opioid use disorder ...

Medications

Opioid use may affect treatment for alcohol dependence

New research indicates that opioid misuse and the use of cannabis and other drugs may compromise the effectiveness of treatments for alcohol use disorder. In an Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research study, individuals ...

Medications

Opioids over-prescribed after hiatal hernia surgery

The increase in opioid deaths in the last 20 years led a medical student at the University of Michigan Medical School and colleagues to look at excessive opioids prescribed to treat acute surgical pain following various procedures. ...

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