Health

Baby on board? Don't let the heat put you in peril

With summer temperatures soaring, pregnant women need to be extra cautious to avoid heat-related health issues. The body's natural cooling mechanisms are already working overtime during pregnancy, making it more difficult ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Study finds perineal cut reduces the risk of serious birth injury

In first-time mothers requiring vacuum-assisted delivery, a lateral episiotomy (angled cut) in the tissue between the vaginal and anal opening more than halves the risk of obstetric anal sphincter injury, a severe form of ...

Arthritis & Rheumatism

Is fish intake linked to juvenile idiopathic arthritis?

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) results from a complex interplay of genetic and environmental factors. Past efforts to identify JIA's environmental risk factors have been restricted due to limited high-quality data and ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Post-Dobbs, maternal mental health care is even more complicated

In the aftermath of the Supreme Court's decision to overturn Roe v. Wade, the ecosystem for pregnant women has become far more complicated—not only for women with unexpected pregnancies but also for those with planned pregnancies ...

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Pregnancy

Pregnancy (latin graviditas) is the carrying of one or more offspring, known as a fetus or embryo, inside the uterus of a female. In a pregnancy, there can be multiple gestations, as in the case of twins or triplets. Human pregnancy is the most studied of all mammalian pregnancies. Obstetrics is the surgical field that studies and cares for high risk pregnancy. Midwifery is the non-surgical field that cares for pregnancy and pregnant women.

Childbirth usually occurs about 38 weeks after conception; i.e., approximately 40 weeks from the last normal menstrual period (LNMP) in humans. The World Health Organization defines normal term for delivery as between 37 weeks and 42 weeks. The calculation of this date involves the assumption of a regular 28-day period.

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