Health

Earlier bedtimes help kids fight obesity

(HealthDay)—With childhood obesity rates high, many studies have investigated lifestyle factors that can make a difference—which ones increase the risk and which ones reduce it.

Attention deficit disorders

Early preterm birth linked to increased ADHD symptoms

(HealthDay)—Early preterm birth is associated with a higher level of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in preschool children after accounting for unmeasured genetic and environmental factors, according ...

Surgery

Hearing loss is common after infant heart surgery

Children who have heart surgery as infants are at risk for hearing loss, coupled with associated risks for language, attention and cognitive problems, by age four. In a single-center group of 348 preschoolers who survived ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Sharing voluntarily makes young kids happy

If humans are primarily motivated by self-interest, as traditional economic theory claims, why do we sometimes perform acts of generosity that don't yield us any material benefits? Indeed, such altruistic behavior may sometimes ...

Sleep apnea

Childhood sleep apnoea is common but hard to diagnose

The cessation of breathing during sleep caused by enlarged tonsils is common in preschool-age children and can cause serious complications, but the methods normally used to diagnose the condition are subjective and unreliable. ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

New study finds Sesame Street improves school readiness

New research, coauthored by Wellesley College economist Phillip B. Levine and University of Maryland economist Melissa Kearney, finds that greater access to Sesame Street in the show's early days led to improved early educational ...

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