Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

GERD is not 'just' heartburn

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most common digestive disorders in the world.

Oncology & Cancer

Fighting cancer on Earth and in space using high-energy protons

Scientists on Earth use high-energy protons to create isotopes to detect and treat cancer. In space, however, these same high-energy protons can pose a risk to spacecraft and the health of the astronauts traveling in them. ...

Oncology & Cancer

Proton beam therapy for bone cancer spares surrounding tissue

July is Sarcoma Awareness Month, bringing attention to a group of cancers that begin in the bones or soft tissues of the body. There are more than 70 types of sarcoma, including bone cancer. Treatments for bone cancer include ...

Gastroenterology

Q&A: Functional dyspepsia can significantly affect quality of life

DEAR MAYO CLINIC: I have dealt with digestive issues for much of my 30s. Ulcers run in my family. My doctor said that while I could have an ulcer, testing could determine if it is functional dyspepsia. What is the difference, ...

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Proton

The proton is a subatomic particle with an electric charge of +1 elementary charge. It is found in the nucleus of each atom but is also stable by itself and has a second identity as the hydrogen ion, 1H+. It is composed of 3 even more fundamental particles comprising two up quarks and one down quark.

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