Genetics

Single mutation leads to big effects in autism-related gene

A new study in Neuron offers clues to why autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is more common in boys than in girls. National Institutes of Health scientists found that a single amino acid change in the NLGN4 gene, which has been ...

Medical research

Using 'organs-on-a-chip' to model complicated diseases

MIT biological engineers have created a multitissue model that lets them study the relationships between different organs and the immune system, on a specialized microfluidic platform seeded with human cells.

Oncology & Cancer

Study shows genetic effects of pre-surgical chemo in breast cancer

Results from one of the first studies to determine the effects of pre-surgical, or neoadjuvant, chemotherapy on the breast cancer genome offer up two key insights. One is a before treatment finding that can help predict which ...

Diabetes

A better diagnosis of rare diabetes to adapt treatment

Diabetes affects more than 400 million people worldwide and is a major public health problem. Although commonly referred to as a single disease, it actually constitutes a group of metabolic disorders with hyperglycaemia as ...

Oncology & Cancer

Twenty four genetic variants linked to heightened womb cancer risk

Twenty four common variations in genes coding for cell growth and death, the processing of oestrogen, and gene control factors may be linked to a heightened risk of developing womb (endometrial) cancer, indicates the most ...

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