Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Viruses in the gut may warn of a deadly disease in preterm infants

Immediately after birth, human infants begin to develop a complex, interwoven fabric of microbes in their gut. Known collectively as the gut microbiome, this diverse ecosystem consists of bacteria, archaea, viruses and fungi, ...

Health

Chemicals in pet feces may signal threats to human health

Dogs and cats may be exposed in their homes to a potentially toxic group of chemicals, with their discovery in the pets' stool being a sign of health issues for humans living with them, a new study shows.

Medications

Study sheds light on antibiotics-associated diarrhea

A joint study by the Singapore General Hospital (SGH) and Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology (SMART), MIT's research enterprise in Singapore, may have found the reason why some patients experience diarrhea ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Climate change could reshape pathogen profile of diarrheal disease

More than half a million children under five years old die of diarrheal disease every year, according to the World Health Organization. Deaths and serious illness are most common in regions without access to clean water. ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Vaccinated women pass COVID-19 antibodies to breastfeeding babies

Women vaccinated against COVID-19 transfer SARS-CoV-2 antibodies to their breastfed infants, potentially giving their babies passive immunity against the coronavirus, according to University of Massachusetts Amherst research.

Vaccination

Untangling the immune response to vaccines

The COVID-19 pandemic has turned a spotlight on the importance of vaccines, but also on key gaps in scientific understanding of how the immune system reacts to vaccines in general. Why does the immune response to some vaccines ...

Overweight & Obesity

Study: 'Good' gut bacteria really could help you lose weight

The trillions of microbes inside of our gut play many very important roles in our body. Not only does this "microbiome" regulate our metabolism and help us absorb nutrients from food into the body, it can also influence whether ...

Medical research

More efficient tests may one day replace endoscopy

In two journal articles, a University of Houston biomedical researcher reports a step forward in diagnosing intestinal diseases, including colorectal cancer, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease using stool proteins. The ...

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