Surgery

Simple move may boost spinal fusion outcomes

A new approach that could revolutionize spinal fusion surgery does away with the need to "flip" patients from their back or side onto their stomach midway through the operation—a switch researchers say dramatically improves ...

Cardiology

Scoring system improves screening for 'dual' heart disease

Aortic stenosis is one of the most common heart valve defects. Its prevalence increases with age and it often requires treatment. As well as conventional valve replacement involving open-heart surgery, a less invasive procedure ...

Surgery

Popular weight-loss surgery in teenagers weakens bones

A common weight loss surgery for adolescents with obesity called sleeve gastrectomy has harmful effects on bones, according to a study being presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

Oncology & Cancer

Better survival among women after lung cancer surgery

There are known differences in the survival rates of women and men with lung cancer. Researchers at Karolinska Institutet set out to investigate potential reasons behind this disparity, such as the presence of other underlying ...

Surgery

Preoperative mental state associated with postoperative pain

(HealthDay)—Even modest depression, anxiety, and catastrophizing are predictors of whether a patient later experiences improvements in pain relief following joint replacement surgery, according to a review published online ...

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Surgery

Surgery (from the Greek: χειρουργική cheirourgikē, via Latin: chirurgiae, meaning "hand work") is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate and/or treat a pathological condition such as disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance, or sometimes for some other reason. An act of performing surgery may be called a surgical procedure, operation, or simply surgery. In this context, the verb operating means performing surgery. The adjective surgical means pertaining to surgery; e.g. surgical instruments or surgical nurse. The patient or subject on which the surgery is performed can be a person or an animal. A surgeon is a person who performs operations on patients. Persons described as surgeons are commonly medical practitioners, but the term is also applied to physicians, podiatric physicians, dentists and veterinarians. Surgery can last from minutes to hours, but is typically not an ongoing or periodic type of treatment. The term surgery can also refer to the place where surgery is performed, or simply the office of a physician, dentist, or veterinarian.

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