Surgery

Guidelines for thyroid surgery published

The first set of comprehensive, evidence-based clinical guidelines for surgical treatment of thyroid disease - developed by an expert panel assembled by the American Association of Endocrine Surgeons (AAES) - was published ...

Oncology & Cancer

U.S. incidence of thyroid cancer plateaued in 2009

(HealthDay)—From 2009 to 2016, the incidence of thyroid cancer reached a plateau and possibly started to decline, according to a research letter published in the Dec. 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Oncology & Cancer

Researchers identify new gene mutation in familial thyroid cancers

Researchers from Penn State College of Medicine identified a new gene mutation that may cause a type of familial thyroid cancer. Dr. Darrin Bann, an otolaryngology resident at the College of Medicine and lead author of the ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Researchers describe catatonia in Down syndrome

Down syndrome, due to an extra chromosome 21, occurs in 250,000 children and adults in the United States, making it the country's most common chromosomal disorder. Inherited heart defects, thyroid cancer, celiac disease and ...

Oncology & Cancer

New test for thyroid cancer could prevent unnecessary surgery

Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin and Baylor College of Medicine have developed a new preoperative test for thyroid cancer that is faster and about two-thirds more accurate than the diagnostic tests doctors ...

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Thyroid neoplasm

Thyroid neoplasm or thyroid cancer usually refers to any of four kinds of malignant tumors of the thyroid gland: papillary, follicular, medullary or anaplastic. Most patients are 25 to 65 years of age when first diagnosed; women are more affected than men. Papillary and follicular tumors are the most common. They grow slowly and may recur, but are generally not fatal in patients under 45 years of age. Medullary tumors have a good prognosis if restricted to the thyroid gland and a poorer prognosis if metastasis occurs. Anaplastic tumors are fast-growing and respond poorly to therapy.

Thyroid nodules are diagnosed by ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration (USG/FNA) or frequently by thyroidectomy (surgical removal and subsequent histological examination). As thyroid cancer can take up iodine, radioactive iodine is commonly used to treat thyroid carcinomas, followed by TSH suppression by high-dose thyroxine therapy.

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