Oncology & Cancer

Charting a new path for pediatric thyroid cancer treatment

Thyroid cancer is the most common type of endocrine cancer in children. Because it is bilateral—affecting both sides (lobes) of the thyroid—in more than one third of pediatric patients, initial treatment typically involves ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Know your thyroid facts

(HealthDay)—Thyroid cancer diagnoses have spiked for U.S. women this past decade.

Medical research

Effective combination cancer treatment

Researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI have tested various methods to check how effective they are in combatting certain types of cancer. They found a combination of two preparations to be much more effective than ...

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Thyroid neoplasm

Thyroid neoplasm or thyroid cancer usually refers to any of four kinds of malignant tumors of the thyroid gland: papillary, follicular, medullary or anaplastic. Most patients are 25 to 65 years of age when first diagnosed; women are more affected than men. Papillary and follicular tumors are the most common. They grow slowly and may recur, but are generally not fatal in patients under 45 years of age. Medullary tumors have a good prognosis if restricted to the thyroid gland and a poorer prognosis if metastasis occurs. Anaplastic tumors are fast-growing and respond poorly to therapy.

Thyroid nodules are diagnosed by ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration (USG/FNA) or frequently by thyroidectomy (surgical removal and subsequent histological examination). As thyroid cancer can take up iodine, radioactive iodine is commonly used to treat thyroid carcinomas, followed by TSH suppression by high-dose thyroxine therapy.

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