Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Pioneering microbiome findings shed light on aspiration

When children have respiratory infections, clinicians tend to blame gastroesophageal reflux, based on the assumption that bacteria-laden stomach contents rise into the mouth and are then aspirated. As a result, clinicians ...

Medications

Why does tuberculosis find a 65-year-old drug so hard to resist?

Since its discovery in 1954, there have been almost no recorded cases of tuberculosis becoming resistant to the antibiotic drug D-cycloserine (DCS) in patients. With resistance to many other drugs on the rise, a team of ...

Medical research

Unexpected hope for DNA damage-related diseases

DNA damage in cells can lead to genetic diseases and a variety of cancers. To repair any damage, a process in our bodies flags repair proteins and recruits them to the damaged site. This process is called ADP-ribosylation ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

New app offers faster and easier assessment for multiple sclerosis

Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report they have developed and validated a tablet-based app that offers a faster, easier and more accurate way for health care providers who don't have specialized training to assess the ...

Oncology & Cancer

Mobile app gives cancer patients better quality of life

Although comprising only one eighth of the global population, Europe has a quarter of the total number of cancer cases worldwide. Each year, there are around 3.7 million new cancer cases on the continent, and this figure ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Raising the standard for psychology research

In recent years, efforts to understand the workings of the mind have taken on new-found urgency. Not only are psychological and neurological disorders—from Alzheimer's disease and strokes to autism and anxiety—becoming ...

Neuroscience

Scientists map our underappreciated 'little brain'

Scientists at UC Berkeley and Western University in Canada have used brain imaging to map the cerebellum, a formerly underappreciated neural region that contains the vast majority of the brain's neurons, hence its Latin moniker ...

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