Neuroscience

Discovery of a new key player in long-term memory

A McGill-led multi-institutional research team has discovered that during memory consolidation, there are at least two distinct processes taking place in two different brain networks—the excitatory and inhibitory networks. ...

Neuroscience

New mouse model of tau propagation

Accumulation of assembled tau protein in the central nervous system is characteristic of Alzheimer's disease and several other neurodegenerative diseases, called tauopathies. Recent studies have revealed that propagation ...

Alzheimer's disease & dementia

Estrogen replacement may protect against Alzheimer's disease in women

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease and the leading cause of dementia. It affects more women than men. A new study published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease indicates that factors such ...

Neuroscience

How ApoE4 endangers the brain

Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is kind of like a delivery service for the human brain. It supplies neurons with important nutrients, including with polyunsaturated fatty acids—which are building blocks of the membranes surrounding ...

Oncology & Cancer

The novel mechanisms for inflammation and cancer induced by HTLV-1

A research group from Kumamoto University, Japan, has clarified the mechanism by which human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) causes inflammation and oncogenesis. The action of the viral gene HTLV-1 bZIP factor (HBZ) ...

Medical research

Surplus antioxidants are pathogenic for hearts and skeletal muscle

Many heart diseases are linked to oxidative stress, an overabundance of reactive oxygen species. The body reacts to reduce oxidative stress—where the redox teeter-totter has gone too far up—through production of endogenous ...

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