Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

New look at atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is the slow and progressive narrowing of arteries due to plaque formation. The atherosclerotic plaque forms by local proliferation of leukocytes and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in the vessel wall ...

Cardiology

Ca2+, the intercellular signal in arterioles

Vasoconstriction must be balanced with vasodilation, particularly in the arterioles that supply tissues with blood. Endothelial cells protrude through holes in the internal elastic lamina in arterioles to make contact with ...

Medical research

Stem cells yield nature's blueprint for body's vasculature

In the average adult human, there are an estimated 100,000 miles of capillaries, veins and arteries—the plumbing that carries life-sustaining blood to every part of the body, including vital organs such as the heart and ...

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