Anaphylaxis

Taking the sting out of insect-sting allergies

(Medical Xpress)—Certain people with a history of systemic allergic reactions to insect stings are likely to benefit from immunotherapy to prevent life-threatening anaphylaxis and should, at the very least, ...

Apr 11, 2014
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Has food allergy incidence risen in Australia?

(Medical Xpress)—In light of Food Allergy Week, Dr Robert Loblay, Sydney Medical School Immunologist and Director of the Allergy Unit at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, has said that the incidence of food allergy has increased ...

May 13, 2014
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Vimizim approved for rare childhood disorder

(HealthDay)—Vimizim (elosulfase alfa) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat a rare childhood disorder called Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IVA, also known as Morquio A syndrome.

Feb 17, 2014
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Anaphylaxis is defined as "a serious allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death". It typically results in a number of symptoms including an itchy rash, throat swelling, and low blood pressure. Common causes include insect bites, foods, and medications.

On a pathophysiologic level, anaphylaxis is due to the release of mediators from certain types of white blood cells triggered either by immunologic or non-immunologic mechanisms. It is diagnosed based on the presenting symptoms and signs. The primary treatment is injection of epinephrine, with other measures being complementary.

Worldwide 0.05–2% of people are estimated to have anaphylaxis at some point in their life and rates appear to be increasing. The term comes from the Greek words ἀνά ana, against, and φύλαξις phylaxis, protection.

This text uses material from Wikipedia licensed under CC BY-SA

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