Chromosomal Abnormalities

In prostate cancer prognosis, telomere length may matter

Like the plastic caps at the end of shoelaces, telomeres protect—in their case—the interior-gene containing parts of chromosomes that carry a cell's instructional material. Cancer cells are known to have short telomeres, ...

Sep 26, 2013
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A chromosome anomaly, abnormality or aberration reflects an atypical number of chromosomes or a structural abnormality in one or more chromosomes. A Karyotype refers to a full set of chromosomes from an individual which can be compared to a "normal" Karyotype for the species via genetic testing. A chromosome anomaly may be detected or confirmed in this manner. Chromosome anomalies usually occur when there is an error in cell division following meiosis or mitosis. There are many types of chromosome anomalies. They can be organized into two basic groups, numerical and structural anomalies.

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