Prevention is better than cure for killer cardiovascular disease
European experts in cardiovascular medicine will today gather at a two day symposium to address the national agenda on cardiovascular disease prevention, held at Imperial College London and sponsored by leading independent academic and professional publisher SAGE.
One session at the conference, chaired by Professors Joep Perk and David Wood will focus on the new 2012 Joint European Societies' Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice, which will appear in August issue (volume 19, issue 4) of the European Society of Cardiology's European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, published by SAGE.
Our chances of succumbing to cardiovascular disease (CVD) are strongly connected to our lifestyles. Smoking, an unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, and stress can all take their toll. According to The World Health Organization (WHO), over three-quarters of all CVD mortality could be prevented with adequate lifestyle changes.
CVD prevention is a society-wide effort, and needs a co-ordinated set of actions at both public and individual level. Health experts use cardiovascular epidemiology and evidence based medicine to uncover the most effective paths to prevention.
In the new joint European Guidelines, healthcare providers will find answers to key questions including:
- What is CVD prevention?
- Why is it needed?
- Who should benefit from it?
- How can CVD prevention be applied?
- When is the right moment to act?
- Where should prevention programmes be provided and implemented?
Prevention works. Over 50% of the reductions seen in coronary heart disease mortality relate to changes in risk factors, and 40% to improved treatments. This is a lifelong endeavour we should begin efforts to prevent CVD from birth if not before.
In terms of prevention, the experts say it's not just those most at risk that should be targeted. Education programmes aimed at the entire population are still needed. Even though there are some gaps in our understanding, there is ample evidence to justify intensive public health and individual preventive efforts.
We still need to better understand why both populations and individuals change their behaviour exactly how changes in behaviour translate into changes in disease patterns is not always understood. More research, including research that goes right back to foetal development, is needed to better prevent CVD. We still don't know whether preventative measures can help us to completely avoid CVD, or whether these efforts merely delay its onset. We also need more data on CVD morbidity and mortality throughout the world.
This version of the joint guidelines updates the previous one issued in 2007. There is a greater focus on new scientific knowledge, and grading systems are deployed, which allow more evidence-based recommendations to be adapted to clinical practice's requirements.
The Fifth Joint Task Force (JTF) of the European Society of Cardiology and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice, made up of representatives of nine societies plus invited experts, developed the new guidelines. The European Association for Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation (EACPR) also contributed. Experts from the nine organizations performed a comprehensive review and a critical evaluation of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, including assessment of the risk benefit ratio. The level of evidence and the strength of recommendation of particular treatment options were weighed and graded according to ESC recommendations.
"The authors of the guidelines hope that this document will advocate a real partnership among politicians, physicians, allied health personnel, scientific associations, heart foundations, voluntary organizations, and consumers' associations. Using the complete spectrum of evidence in medicine from experimental trials to observations in populations, the aim is to foster both health promotion at the population level and primary and cardiovascular prevention at the clinical level" the JTF concluded.
More information: "European Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice (version 2012)"published today, 05 July 2012 in European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.
Provided by SAGE Publications
- NAFLD independently linked to cardiovascular disease Jun 07, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
- Benchmarking study prompts rethink on next cardiovascular disease prevention guidelines Feb 22, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
- First joint ESC/EAS guidelines for the management of dyslipidaemias Jun 28, 2011 | not rated yet | 0
- New guidelines deliver concise messages for implementing cardiovascular prevention May 03, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
- Increasing cardiovascular disease in China: Urgent need for prevention Oct 12, 2011 | not rated yet | 0
- Motion perception revisited: High Phi effect challenges established motion perception assumptions Apr 23, 2013 | 3 / 5 (2) | 2
- Anything you can do I can do better: Neuromolecular foundations of the superiority illusion (Update) Apr 02, 2013 | 4.5 / 5 (11) | 5
- The visual system as economist: Neural resource allocation in visual adaptation Mar 30, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 9
- Separate lives: Neuronal and organismal lifespans decoupled Mar 27, 2013 | 4.9 / 5 (8) | 0
- Sizing things up: The evolutionary neurobiology of scale invariance Feb 28, 2013 | 4.8 / 5 (10) | 14
Calculating on-axis elements of a solenoid
5 hours ago I wanted to mention that this solenoid has many winds over many layers. The thickness of the windings is 2.4 inches coming off of the engineering...
latitude & longitude & air pressure
6 hours ago Hi there, I have a peculiar question. Imagine that you are in a earth position, obtained by google, that gives you the latitude and longitude....
Differences of Classical Mechanics when learned with Calc vs algebra?
9 hours ago what are the differences? Every example I find usually has a derivative or integral or some kind of calculus defined concept that seems to make it...
what is the distance traveled
13 hours ago A rough sketch of experiment. Image: http://i43.tinypic.com/14t4sk5.png the red dots represent a side view of path traveled, F is downward force...
Image of a Convex Lens Cut in Half Horizontally
17 hours ago Hello everyone, A friend of mine came up with this question in class and I really do not have a good answer. Suppose you have a convex lens...
Ray tracing through optical system of thick lenses
17 hours ago Can you advise me a free software that allow to draw rays passed throught system of thick lenses (preferable in 3D)?
- More from Physics Forums - Classical Physics
More news stories
Costs to treat stroke are projected to more than double and the number of people having strokes may increase 20 percent by 2030, according to the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association.
Cardiology 14 hours ago | not rated yet | 0
Blood thinners are the preferred treatment option to prevent heart attacks, blood clots and stroke, but they are not without risk, and not just because of their side effects. These high-risk drugs, known as anticoagulants, ...
Cardiology 17 hours ago | not rated yet | 0
Results from a large observational study reported at EuroPCR 2013 today question whether bivalirudin is superior to heparin in the absence of GPIIb/IIIa blockade, showing similar 30-day mortality in patients with non-ST segment ...
Cardiology 17 hours ago | not rated yet | 0
The DESolve bioresorbable coronary scaffold system achieves good efficacy and safety with low rates of late lumen loss and major coronary adverse events at six months, show first results from the pivotal DESolve Nx trial ...
Cardiology 17 hours ago | not rated yet | 0
The Orsiro stent, which is a novel stent platform eluting sirolimus from a biodegradable polymer, demonstrated non-inferiority to the Xience Prime everolimus-eluting stent for the primary angiographic endpoint of in-stent ...
Cardiology May 21, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
Existing research shows that bicyclists who wear helmets have an 88 percent lower risk of brain injury, but researchers at Boston Children's Hospital found that simply having bicycle helmet laws in place showed a 20 percent ...
2 hours ago | not rated yet | 0
Swiss scientists reveal the mechanism responsible for aging hidden deep within mitochondria—and dramatically slow it down in worms by administering antibiotics to the young.
13 hours ago | 4.9 / 5 (7) | 0 |
Researchers from Queen Mary, University of London have led the largest sequencing study of human disease to date, investigating the genetic basis of six autoimmune diseases.
13 hours ago | 4.5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
Until now, little was scientifically known about the human potential to cultivate compassion—the emotional state of caring for people who are suffering in a way that motivates altruistic behavior.
10 hours ago | 5 / 5 (2) | 2 |
(HealthDay)—Migraines and depression can each cause a great deal of suffering, but new research indicates the combination of the two may be linked to something else entirely—a smaller brain.
10 hours ago | 4 / 5 (2) | 0 |
A new approach for immunizing against influenza elicited a more potent immune response and broader protection than the currently licensed seasonal influenza vaccines when tested in mice and ferrets. The vaccine ...
10 hours ago | not rated yet | 0 |