Using robots to help children with autism

by Kathryn Mcphail

(Medical Xpress)—Her name is Charlie, and the purple bows sitting on top of her head are the prettiest thing about her. But her looks are not what matter – which is good because she's green. Charlie is a robot designed by University of South Carolina's College of Engineering and Computing doctoral student, Laura Boccanfuso. She hopes Charlie, short for Child Centered Adaptive Robot for Learning Environments, will help children with autism improve their communication skills and interactions with others.

"As I was researching ideas for my doctoral work, I came across similar robots being used to help with special needs," Boccanfuso said. "As a mother, I understand how important it is for parents to have access to affordable tools to improve their child's future."

In 2010, with help of assistant professor Jason O'Kane, who built the no-frills , Boccanfuso designed Charlie's exterior and implemented all of her games and functions. Boccanfuso placed a camera in Charlie's nose and designed software that allows the robot to detect and imitate the motions she records.

"If the child puts up his right arm, Charlie will lift her right arm, too," she said. "The robot feeds off of cues from the child and can change the way she plays or interacts based on the child's movements and ."

Boccanfuso recently began using an in conjunction with Charlie, which allows her to detect temperature and breathing changes in a child. This part of the research was funded by a grant from the South Carolina Developmental Disabilities Council.

"Charlie knows she needs to sit passively if the sensor picks up that the child is getting agitated. That is important for child with autism. You must communicate with them in a non-alarming way."

Boccanfuso said previous research shows that verbal utterances from children went up when they were interacting with robots, even simple ones.

"My hope is that Charlie could be widely used and accessible to all families. She is not expensive to build, so maybe parents will be empowered to use robots to help their kids improve at home."

Now, Boccanfuso is working with Ruth Abramson and Harry Wright at the USC School of Medicine to test Charlie with a group of children with autism. In the next three to six months, she hopes to watch these children interact with the robot and record their verbal and physical interactions.

"Then we will know if our hypothesis is true," she said. "If this robot can, in fact, improve the life for children with special needs, that would be a dream come true."

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Robots to help children to form relationships

May 29, 2007

A project which is using robots to help children with developmental or cognitive impairments to interact more effectively has just started at the University of Hertfordshire.

Robot Speaks the Language of Kids

Aug 05, 2010

(PhysOrg.com) -- Researchers are studying whether a small robot with a big personality holds the potential to help children with autism.

Charlie's-brand cantaloupe recalled

Mar 24, 2008

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced the recall of Charlie's-brand cut cantaloupe products due to possible contamination.

Recommended for you

A link between Jacobsen syndrome and autism

14 hours ago

(Medical Xpress)—A rare genetic disorder known as Jacobsen syndrome has been linked with autism, according to a recent joint investigation by researchers at San Diego State University and the University ...

Sex hormones may play a part in autism

Sep 08, 2014

Higher rates of Autism Spectrum Disorders in males than females may be related to changes in the brain's estrogen signalling, according to research published in the open access journal Molecular Autism.

Planning a better future for people with autism

Aug 27, 2014

In the world of special education, transition is the move from school to adult life. For most of us that move can be awkward, but for people with disabilities—particularly autism—it is especially complex.

User comments