News tagged with calcium

Related topics: protein , vitamin d

Readying the neural network

Synapse, the name for the signal-receiving site on a neuron, comes from the Greek word for contact. Neuroscientists used to maintain that neurons form one-to-one relationship to contact one another. Yet more ...

Nov 17, 2014
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T2DM risk up with increased serum calcium levels

(HealthDay)—For individuals at high cardiovascular risk, serum calcium concentrations correlate with increased diabetes risk, according to research published in the November issue of Diabetes Care.

Nov 11, 2014
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Widespread vitamin D deficiency in thyroidectomy patients

A new study from researchers at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit finds widespread vitamin D deficiency among patients who undergo a thyroidectomy, potentially putting them at greater risk for developing dangerously low blood ...

Sep 25, 2014
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Mechanism behind age-dependent diabetes discovered

Ageing of insulin-secreting cells is coupled to a progressive decline in signal transduction and insulin release, according to a recent study by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden. The finding, ...

Sep 17, 2014
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Calcium

Calcium (pronounced /ˈkælsiəm/) is the chemical element with the symbol Ca and atomic number 20. It has an atomic mass of 40.078 amu. Calcium is a soft grey alkaline earth metal, and is the fifth most abundant element by mass in the Earth's crust. Calcium is also the fifth most abundant dissolved ion in seawater by both molarity and mass, after sodium, chloride, magnesium, and sulfate.

Calcium is essential for living organisms, particularly in cell physiology, where movement of the calcium ion Ca2+ into and out of the cytoplasm functions as a signal for many cellular processes. As a major material used in mineralization of bones and shells, calcium is the most abundant metal by mass in many animals.

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