News tagged with cell surface

Related topics: cells · immune response · cancer cells · protein

Enlightening cancer cells

Joint EMBO Journal paper by IST Austria and Vienna Medical University groups on engineered cell surface receptors activated by light. Small algal protein domains serve as synthetic light sensors in human cells. First application ...

Jul 01, 2014
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For cancer patients, sugar-coated cells are deadly

(Medical Xpress)—Every living cell's surface has a protein-embedded membrane that's covered in polysaccharide chains – a literal sugar coating. On cancer cells, this coating is especially thick and pronounced.

Jun 26, 2014
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Genetic risk factor for premature birth found

Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered a genetic risk factor for premature birth. The risk factor is related to a gene that codes for a protein that the scientists have found ...

May 06, 2014
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Receptor (biochemistry)

In biochemistry, a receptor is a protein molecule, embedded in either the plasma membrane or cytoplasm of a cell, to which a mobile signaling (or "signal") molecule may attach. A molecule which binds to a receptor is called a "ligand," and may be a peptide (such as a neurotransmitter), a hormone, a pharmaceutical drug, or a toxin, and when such binding occurs, the receptor undergoes a conformational change which ordinarily initiates a cellular response. However, some ligands merely block receptors without inducing any response (e.g. antagonists). Ligand-induced changes in receptors result in physiological changes which constitute the biological activity of the ligands.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA

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