News tagged with language
Decoding 'noisy' language in daily life: Study shows how people rationally interpret linguistic input
Suppose you hear someone say, "The man gave the ice cream the child." Does that sentence seem plausible? Or do you assume it is missing a word? Such as: "The man gave the ice cream to the child."
Psychology & Psychiatry Apr 29, 2013 | 4.5 / 5 (4) | 7 |
(Medical Xpress)—How do children learn language? Many linguists believe that the stages that a child goes through when learning language mirror the stages of language development in primate evolution. ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Apr 02, 2013 | 4.1 / 5 (7) | 7 |
Be it triumph or crushing defeat, exhilaration or agony, body language more accurately conveys intense emotions, according to recent research that challenges the predominance of facial expressions as an indicator of how a ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Jan 15, 2013 | 5 / 5 (4) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—A team of French and Taiwanese researchers has found evidence to indicate that people use the same regions of the brain when reading, regardless of which language is being read. In their ...
Neuroscience Nov 27, 2012 | 4.8 / 5 (6) | 4 |
A century and a half ago, French physician Pierre Paul Broca found that patients with damage to part of the brain's frontal lobe were unable to speak more than a few words. Later dubbed Broca's area, this ...
Neuroscience Oct 16, 2012 | 3.8 / 5 (5) | 1 |
American and European scientists have found that increasing natural marijuana-like chemicals in the brain can help correct behavioral issues related to fragile X syndrome, the most common known genetic cause of autism.
Autism spectrum disorders Sep 25, 2012 | 4.3 / 5 (4) | 1 |
New research examining auditory mechanisms of language learning in babies has revealed that infants as young as three months of age are able to automatically detect and learn complex dependencies between ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Sep 10, 2012 | 3.8 / 5 (4) | 1
Infants are able to detect how speech communicates unobservable intentions, researchers at New York University and McGill University have found in a study that sheds new light on how early in life we can rely on language ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Jul 23, 2012 | 4 / 5 (2) | 1 |
(Medical Xpress) -- While at first glance it might seem irrational, researchers from the University of Chicago have found that people who speak two languages tend to make more rational decisions when thinking in their non-native ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Apr 25, 2012 | 4.6 / 5 (15) | 2 |
(Medical Xpress) -- Suppose a baby's first word is "mommy" or "daddy"--words an infant usually says around his or her first birthday. Of course, the little cherub puts a gleam in her parents' eyes; she's finally ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Mar 09, 2012 | 4.4 / 5 (5) | 5 |
At an age when "ba-ba" and "da-da" may be their only utterances, infants nevertheless comprehend words for many common objects, according to a new study.
Psychology & Psychiatry Feb 13, 2012 | 4.5 / 5 (4) | 3 |
New research from MIT suggests that there are parts of our brain dedicated to language and only language, a finding that marks a major advance in the search for brain regions specialized for sophisticated ...
Neuroscience Aug 30, 2011 | 5 / 5 (4) | 2 |
(Medical Xpress) -- Do you ever wonder about the stuff that makes up words? Why is a word a word, what goes into forming it, what's its history or why is it long or short? Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Jun 20, 2011 | 4.2 / 5 (6) | 6 |
Rett syndrome, a neurodevelopmental disorder on the autism spectrum, is marked by relatively normal development in infancy followed by a loss of loss of cognitive, social and language skills starting at 12 to 18 months of ...
Neuroscience Apr 13, 2011 | 4.5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
Researchers at the University of Waterloo have found that children hear more complex language from parents when they read a storybook with only pictures compared to a picture-vocabulary book. The findings appear in the latest ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Apr 29, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
A language is a system for encoding information. In its most common use, the term refers to so-called "natural languages" — the forms of communication considered peculiar to humankind. In linguistics the term is extended to refer to the human cognitive facility of creating and using language. Essential to both meanings is the systematic creation and usage of systems of symbols—each referring to linguistic concepts with semantic or logical or otherwise expressive meanings.
The most obvious manifestations are spoken languages such as English or Spoken Chinese. However, there are also written languages and other systems of visual symbols such as sign languages.
Although some other animals make use of quite sophisticated communicative systems, and these are sometimes casually referred to as animal language, none of these are known to make use of all of the properties that linguists use to define language in the strict sense.
When discussed more technically as a general phenomenon then, "language" always implies a particular type of human thought which can be present even when communication is not the result, and this way of thinking is also sometimes treated as indistinguishable from language itself.
In Western Philosophy for example, language has long been closely associated with reason, which is also a uniquely human way of using symbols. In Ancient Greek philosophical terminology, the same word, logos, was used as a term for both language or speech and reason, and the philosopher Thomas Hobbes used the English word "speech" so that it similarly could refer to reason, as will be discussed below.
For more information about Language, read the full article at
This text uses material from Wikipedia and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.