News tagged with messenger rna

Related topics: protein , gene expression , rna molecules , cells , genes

How untying knots promotes cancer

Researchers have long known that high levels of a specific protein in human cells are linked to tumor growth – but no one has fully understood how.

Aug 20, 2013
popularity 4.9 / 5 (7) | comments 0 | with audio podcast

Study finds why some don't respond to rubella vaccine

Using advanced genetic sequencing technology and analysis, Mayo Clinic vaccine researchers have identified 27 genes that respond in very different ways to the standard rubella vaccine, making the vaccine less effective for ...

May 01, 2013
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Messenger RNA

Messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) is a molecule of RNA encoding a chemical "blueprint" for a protein product. mRNA is transcribed from a DNA template, and carries coding information to the sites of protein synthesis: the ribosomes. Here, the nucleic acid polymer is translated into a polymer of amino acids: a protein. In mRNA as in DNA, genetic information is encoded in the sequence of nucleotides arranged into codons consisting of three bases each. Each codon encodes for a specific amino acid, except the stop codons that terminate protein synthesis. This process requires two other types of RNA: transfer RNA (tRNA) mediates recognition of the codon and provides the corresponding amino acid, while ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is the central component of the ribosome's protein manufacturing machinery.

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