News tagged with muscle cells
Australian scientists have charted the path of insulin action in cells in precise detail like never before. This provides a comprehensive blueprint for understanding what goes wrong in diabetes.
Medical research May 21, 2013 | 4.6 / 5 (8) | 0 |
A discovery made in fish could aid research into motor neuron disease.
Medical research May 23, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
Treating pediatric leukemia patients with a liposomal formulation of anthracycline-based chemotherapy at a more intense-than-standard dose during initial treatment may result in high survival rates without causing any added ...
Cancer May 23, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
UCSF scientists controlled seizures in epileptic mice with a one-time transplantation of medial ganglionic eminence (MGE) cells, which inhibit signaling in overactive nerve circuits, into the hippocampus, a brain region associated ...
Neuroscience May 05, 2013 | 4.5 / 5 (14) | 2 |
Of enzymes and aging: Tryptophan metabolism plays key role in aging and age-related neurological diseases
(Medical Xpress)—In the battle against aging and age-related neurological diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's, a key factor has long appeared to be the toxicity of proteins which tend to aggregate. ...
Medical research Oct 05, 2012 | 4.7 / 5 (14) | 3 |
Johns Hopkins researchers believe they may have discovered an explanation for the sleepless nights associated with restless legs syndrome (RLS), a symptom that persists even when the disruptive, overwhelming nocturnal urge ...
Neuroscience May 07, 2013 | 4.4 / 5 (5) | 1 |
(Medical Xpress)—Membrane fusion is a highly regulated event, both inside cells, and between them. From the moment a sperm first fuses with an egg, subsequent developmental events depend upon its proper ...
Medical research Apr 26, 2013 | 4.3 / 5 (3) | 0 |
Duke University biomedical engineers have grown three-dimensional human heart muscle that acts just like natural tissue. This advancement could be important in treating heart attack patients or in serving as a platform for ...
Medical research May 06, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
An international team of scientists have identified for the first time a key factor responsible for declining muscle repair during ageing, and discovered how to halt the process in mice with a common drug. Although an early ...
Medical research Sep 26, 2012 | 4.7 / 5 (17) | 21 |
(Medical Xpress)—Cornell researchers have uncovered the basic cell biology that helps explain heart defects found in diseases known as laminopathies, a group of some 15 genetic disorders that include forms ...
Medical research May 07, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
To keep your body functioning, glucose must always be present in your blood. It's as important as oxygen in the air you breathe. The brain can only function for a few minutes without either before it stops ...
Diabetes May 13, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
New connections between brain cells emerge in clusters in the brain as animals learn to perform a new task, according to a study published in Nature on February 19 (advance online publication). Led by resear ...
Neuroscience Feb 19, 2012 | 4.6 / 5 (11) | 0 |
Researchers use skin cells from patients with an inherited heart condition to recreate the adult-onset disease in a laboratory dish—producing the first maturation-based disease model for testing new therapies.
Medical research Jan 27, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
New research out of the Lillehei Heart Institute at the University of Minnesota shows that by turning on just a single gene, Mesp1, different cell types including the heart, blood and muscle can be created from stem cells.
Genetics May 02, 2013 | 5 / 5 (4) | 0 |
Researchers have made a major advance in efforts to regenerate damaged hearts.
Medical research Aug 05, 2012 | not rated yet | 0 |
Muscle (from Latin musculus, diminutive of mus "mouse") is the contractile tissue of the body and is derived from the mesodermal layer of embryonic germ cells. Muscle cells contain contractile filaments that move past each other and change the size of the cell. They are classified as skeletal, cardiac, or smooth muscles. Their function is to produce force and cause motion. Muscles can cause either locomotion of the organism itself or movement of internal organs. Cardiac and smooth muscle contraction occurs without conscious thought and is necessary for survival. Examples are the contraction of the heart and peristalsis which pushes food through the digestive system. Voluntary contraction of the skeletal muscles is used to move the body and can be finely controlled. Examples are movements of the eye, or gross movements like the quadriceps muscle of the thigh. There are two broad types of voluntary muscle fibers: slow twitch and fast twitch. Slow twitch fibers contract for long periods of time but with little force while fast twitch fibers contract quickly and powerfully but fatigue very rapidly.
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