News tagged with t cell

Related topics: cells

A new pathway discovered regulating autoimmune diseases

The main function of the immune system is to protect against diseases and infections. For unknown reasons our immune system attacks healthy cells, tissues and organs in a process called autoimmunity, which can result in diseases ...

Oct 07, 2014
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Scientists discover pain receptor on T-cells

Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered that T-cells – a type of white blood cell that learns to recognize and attack microbial pathogens – are activated by a pain receptor.

Oct 05, 2014
popularity 5 / 5 (11) | comments 1

T-bet tackles hepatitis

A single protein may tip the balance between ridding the body of a dangerous virus and enduring life-long chronic infection, according to a report appearing in The Journal of Experimental Medicine.

Sep 15, 2014
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Synthetic messenger boosts immune system

Specific immune cells, known as T lymphocytes, have to be activated so that the body can develop long-term protection against infections. Previously, it was believed that this process only took place in the ...

Sep 05, 2014
popularity 4.6 / 5 (5) | comments 0

Why the immune system fails to kill HIV

Our immune system contains CD8+ T cells which protect us from various diseases such as cancer and viruses. Some of them are specifically tasked with killing cells infected with the HIV virus – and researchers ...

Jul 18, 2014
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Unsuspected aspect of immune regulation revealed

Until now, the immune cells known as 'B cells' have been thought to specialise only in the production of antibodies. A discovery by Garvan immunologists shows they also have a role to play in regulating another ...

Jul 01, 2014
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Invisibility cloak for immune cells

The human immune system is very complex. A large number of different cells with various functions ensure that invading microorganisms such as viruses or bacteria can quickly be rendered innocuous and the ...

Jun 25, 2014
popularity 5 / 5 (1) | comments 0

T cell

T cells belong to a group of white blood cells known as lymphocytes, and play a central role in cell-mediated immunity. They can be distinguished from other lymphocyte types, such as B cells and natural killer cells by the presence of a special receptor on their cell surface called T cell receptors (TCR). The abbreviation T, in T cell, stands for thymus, since this is the principal organ responsible for the T cell's maturation. Several different subsets of T cells have been discovered, each with a distinct function.

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