Medications

Ritalin at 75: What does the future hold?

Seventy-five years ago, a new stimulant drug with the generic name of methylphenidate was born in the Swiss lab of chemical company Ciba. Like many drugs, its therapeutic purpose was unclear. But these were the days a scientist ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Ethiopia must do more to stop recurring chikungunya outbreaks

Ethiopia's second largest city, Dire Dawa, is dealing with a chikungunya fever outbreak. Around 20,000 cases of the mosquito-borne viral infection have been reported since the outbreak started in March 2019. This is the second ...

Health

Slower growth in working memory linked to teen driving crashes

Research into why adolescent drivers are involved in motor vehicle crashes, the leading cause of injury and death among 16- to 19-year-olds in the United States, has often focused on driving experience and skills. But a new ...

Health

Repeated periods of poverty accelerate the ageing process

Genetics, lifestyle and environment are all factors that somehow influence when and how we all age. But the financial situation is also important. Now, researchers from the Center for Healthy Aging and the Department of Public ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Distractions distort what's real, study suggests

We live in a world of distractions. We multitask our way through our days. We wear watches that alert us to text messages. We carry phones that buzz with breaking news.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

How to stay safe from eastern equine encephalitis

A second human case of Eastern equine encephalitis virus infection this year was confirmed in Massachusetts last week, in a young Grafton man. Meanwhile, the first human case of EEE in the state in six years—a man over ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Suicide is preventable: How can we help our teens?

Every October, after school starts—and each May, as it ends—there is a spike in the number of teenagers who go to the Yale New Haven Children's Hospital (YNHCH) emergency department because they are thinking about attempting ...

Health

Kids and poor sleep: A habit that's breakable

Children enter the world hardwired with plenty of quirks and traits, but no one is born a "bad sleeper." In fact, sleep troubles are a habit kids pick up—and one that parents often unknowingly reinforce.

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Alertness is the state of paying close and continuous attention, being watchful and prompt to meet danger or emergency, or being quick to perceive and act. It is related to psychology as well as to physiology. A lack of alertness is a symptom of a number of conditions, including narcolepsy, attention deficit disorder, chronic fatigue syndrome, depression, Addison's disease, or sleep deprivation. The word is formed from "alert", which comes from the Italian "all'erta" (on the watch, literally, on the height; 1618)

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