Radiation exposure during interventional procedures a concern for some developing countries

August 3, 2009

Interventional radiology procedures are on the rise in developing countries and there is a significant need for optimization of these procedures to ensure patient safety. Many facilities in these countries lack the concept of patient dose estimation and dose management, putting patients at a higher risk of developing complications due to overexposure from radiation during interventional procedures, according to a study performed by the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna, Austria.

The study included data from 55 hospitals in 20 countries—mostly in Eastern Europe, five in Africa and six in Asia. "We found that a substantial number of coronary angioplasty procedures performed in the in this study are above the currently known dose reference level," said Madan M. Rehani, PhD, coordinator of the study. "We also found that kerma area product (KAP), a method to determine dose estimations, was available in almost half of the facilities, but none had experience in its use," said Dr. Rehani.

"There is a significant lack of awareness about patient dose estimations and dose management among interventional radiologists and cardiologists in developing countries. Our goal is to introduce these concepts to them and achieve effective implementation," he said.

"Most training centers need to establish a culture of dose assessment and dose management—including programs for residents with radiation protection as an essential component—to improve patient safety. Dose monitoring devices for angiography equipment should also be considered," said Dr. Rehani.

This study appears in the August issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology.

Source: American Roentgen Ray Society

Related Stories

Recommended for you

Best of Last Year—The top Medical Xpress articles of 2017

December 20, 2017
It was a good year for medical research as a team at the German center for Neurodegenerative Diseases, Magdeburg, found that dancing can reverse the signs of aging in the brain. Any exercise helps, the team found, but dancing ...

Pickled in 'cognac', Chopin's heart gives up its secrets

November 26, 2017
The heart of Frederic Chopin, among the world's most cherished musical virtuosos, may finally have given up the cause of his untimely death.

Sugar industry withheld evidence of sucrose's health effects nearly 50 years ago

November 21, 2017
A U.S. sugar industry trade group appears to have pulled the plug on a study that was producing animal evidence linking sucrose to disease nearly 50 years ago, researchers argue in a paper publishing on November 21 in the ...

Female researchers pay more attention to sex and gender in medicine

November 7, 2017
When women participate in a medical research paper, that research is more likely to take into account the differences between the way men and women react to diseases and treatments, according to a new study by Stanford researchers.

Drug therapy from lethal bacteria could reduce kidney transplant rejection

August 3, 2017
An experimental treatment derived from a potentially deadly microorganism may provide lifesaving help for kidney transplant patients, according to an international study led by investigators at Cedars-Sinai.

Exploring the potential of human echolocation

June 25, 2017
People who are visually impaired will often use a cane to feel out their surroundings. With training and practice, people can learn to use the pitch, loudness and timbre of echoes from the cane or other sounds to navigate ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.