Asthma has adverse effect on physical health in elderly

May 2, 2012

Asthma has adverse effect on physical health in elderly
Older adults with asthma have decreased lung function, increased rates of allergic sensitization, and worse quality of life than healthy controls, according to a study published in the May issue of the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.
(HealthDay) -- Older adults with asthma have decreased lung function, increased rates of allergic sensitization, and worse quality of life than healthy controls, according to a study published in the May issue of the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

Andrew M. Smith, M.D., from the University of Cincinnati, and colleagues assessed differences in characteristics between older patients with and without and how these differences impact overall quality of life in a cohort of 77 patients (mean age, 68.7 years). Participants underwent a complete medical history, physical examination, skin prick testing (SPT), spirometry, and exhaled nitric oxide measurements. The standardized Short Form-36 Version 2 (SF-36v2) was used to assess quality of life.

The researchers found that there was a significantly higher rate of SPT positivity in patients with asthma versus controls (88.9 versus 51.2 percent; P = 0.007). Compared with controls, participants in the asthma group had a lower mean percent predicted forced expiratory volume in one second at baseline (73.7 versus 89.6; P = 0.007). Compared with controls, the asthma group had worse general health, increased bodily pain, and worse overall physical health, as measured on the SF-36v2.

"Our results have identified significant effects of asthma on physical functioning in the elderly," the authors write. "Appropriate recognition of the disease and use of asthma medications by primary care physicians could improve outcomes, including reduction of hospital visits and improvement of general quality of life and health status."

Explore further: Poor asthma control prevalent in the united states

More information: doi:10.1016/j.anai.2012.02.022

Related Stories

Poor asthma control prevalent in the united states

February 28, 2012
(HealthDay) -- Many patients with asthma who do not use controller medications have persistent disease, and among those patients who do use controller medications, few have well-controlled disease, according to a study published ...

AAAAI: Prevalence of asthma, hay fever lower among Amish

March 6, 2012
(HealthDay) -- The prevalence of asthma, hay fever, and allergic sensitization is significantly lower among the Amish population than among Swiss children, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the American ...

Depressive symptoms may make asthma control more difficult

October 26, 2011
(Medical Xpress) -- People with asthma are more likely to have symptoms of depression. A new study suggests these symptoms are linked to a host of other negative health risks that may lead to a worsening of asthma symptoms ...

Is it asthma, or something else?

July 20, 2011
Asthma affects nearly 300 million people worldwide, and 24.6 million Americans had asthma in 2009. In severe forms, asthma can be deadly; however asthma-related deaths have been decreasing thanks to medical advances.

Children who develop asthma have lung function deficits as neonates

March 30, 2012
Children who develop asthma by age seven have deficits in lung function and increased bronchial responsiveness as neonates, a new study from researchers in Denmark suggests.

UIC researchers test effects of vitamin D on asthma severity

November 29, 2011
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago are recruiting volunteers with asthma for a study of whether taking vitamin D can make asthma medication more effective.

Recommended for you

RNA processing and antiviral immunity

December 14, 2018
The RIG-I like receptors (RLRs) are intracellular enzyme sentries that detect viral infection and initiate a first line of antiviral defense. The cellular molecules that activate RLRs in vivo are not clear.

The 'greying' of T cells: Scientists pinpoint metabolic pathway behind age-related immunity loss

December 13, 2018
The elderly suffer more serious complications from infections and benefit less from vaccination than the general population. Scientists have long known that a weakened immune system is to blame but the exact mechanisms behind ...

Scientists create most accurate tool yet developed to predict asthma in young children

December 13, 2018
Scientists at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center have created and tested a decision tool that appears to be the most accurate, non-invasive method yet developed to predict asthma in young children.

New genetic study could lead to better treatment of severe asthma

December 12, 2018
The largest-ever genetic study of people with moderate-to-severe asthma has revealed new insights into the underlying causes of the disease which could help improve its diagnosis and treatment.

Researchers discover unique immune cell likely drives chronic inflammation

December 11, 2018
For the first time, researchers have identified that an immune cell subset called gamma delta T cells that may be causing and/or perpetuating the systemic inflammation found in normal aging in the general geriatric population ...

Study identifies a key cellular mechanism that triggers pneumonia in humans

December 11, 2018
The relationship between influenza and pneumonia has long been observed by health workers. Its genetic and cellular mechanisms have now been investigated in depth by scientists in a study involving volunteers and conducted ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.