'Disablism' could shape the future for young people with a disability

July 24, 2012

(Medical Xpress) -- A new study led by the University of Sydney hopes to shed light on how the experiences of young Australians with a disability are shaped by discrimination.

The study, titled Disability and Ability: How young people with impairments make the transition to adulthood, will follow the of 100 aged between 19 and 26 years of age over three years.

"We already know from recent research by our colleagues that, compared to their able-bodied , 15 to 29-year-olds with a long-term or impairment have an increased risk of negative social, physical and mental health outcomes," says chief investigator Dr Nikki Wedgwood, of the University's Faculty of Health Sciences.

"We also know from previous research that this is less likely due to their impairment per se and more likely due to the fact that people with impairments are commonly perceived differently to able-bodied people and so experience lower levels of inclusion in society generally."

towards people with impairments — also known as 'disablism' — can have a profound impact on the lives of people with impairments.

"We tend to think of people with impairments as 'that' person with a disability rather than that student or that parent or that musician and so on, and so we tend to treat them differently - we might avoid them, or they might just be socially invisible to us," says Dr Wedgwood.

"As such, disablism affects their sense of belonging and levels of inclusion in virtually every aspect of life, from peer acceptance at school, to employment, marriage and other relationships," she says.

"Employers will tend to assume people with impairments can't do a lot of things when they actually can, and they tend to receive a lot of pity instead of friendship, and discrimination instead of inclusion."

Researchers hope the findings from the study will inform policy to help ensure that more of the 250,000 young with impairments are able to meet the developmental and structural challenges of early adulthood and become fully included members of society.

"We know that adolescence is a vital developmental phase in able-bodied people - a real make or break time in terms of what role a person will play in society or on its margins - so it is likely to be the optimal time for interventions in the lives of people with impairments."

Adolescence and 'emerging adulthood' are neglected in terms of disability research, with most studies focusing either on adulthood or childhood.

The University of Sydney is hoping to expand evidence-based knowledge in areas such as this through its new Centre for Disability Research and Policy, which aims to influence policy and practice to make a lasting difference in the lives of people with . The study is funded by the Australian Research Council and is being carried out in collaboration with Deakin University.

Explore further: Reverse inclusion and the question of disability

Related Stories

Reverse inclusion and the question of disability

January 17, 2012
Wheelchair basketball: It's a fast, skillful game, dazzling to watch, gruelling to play. It's also a sport that in Canada has become one of the most inclusive, welcoming athletes with disability and able-bodied athletes alike ...

Study compares traits of autism, schizophrenia

February 27, 2012
(Medical Xpress) -- A UT Dallas professor is studying the differences between the social impairments found in autism and schizophrenia to help develop better treatments for people with both disorders.

Teachers need greater awareness of language disorders

May 19, 2011
Greater awareness of 'specific language impairment' (SLI), a language disorder, is needed to ensure better outcomes for the 3-6 per cent of UK school children affected by this disability. Children with SLI have difficulties ...

Early-life exposure to chemical in drinking water may affect vision, study finds

July 11, 2012
Prenatal and early childhood exposure to the chemical solvent tetrachloroethylene (PCE) found in drinking water may be associated with long-term visual impairments, particularly in the area of color discrimination, a new ...

Recommended for you

To reduce postoperative pain, consider sleep—and caffeine

August 18, 2017
Sleep is essential for good mental and physical health, and chronic insufficient sleep increases the risk for several chronic health problems.

Despite benefits, half of parents against later school start times

August 18, 2017
Leading pediatrics and sleep associations agree: Teens shouldn't start school so early.

Doctors exploring how to prescribe income security

August 18, 2017
Physicians at St. Michael's Hospital are studying how full-time income support workers hired by health-care clinics can help vulnerable patients or those living in poverty improve their finances and their health.

Schoolchildren who use e-cigarettes are more likely to try tobacco

August 17, 2017
Vaping - or the use of e-cigarettes - is widely accepted as a safer option for people who are already smoking.

Federal snack program does not yield expected impacts, researchers find

August 17, 2017
A well-intentioned government regulation designed to offer healthier options in school vending machines has failed to instill better snacking habits in a sample of schools in Appalachian Virginia, according to a study by ...

In a nutshell: Walnuts activate brain region involved in appetite control

August 17, 2017
Packed with nutrients linked to better health, walnuts are also thought to discourage overeating by promoting feelings of fullness. Now, in a new brain imaging study, researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.